9:54 mins. Share. In the Northern Hemisphere, extreme cold conditions in the high latitude areas have prevented human habitation. Technological and economic advancement can bring about significant changes in population distribution of an area. It is only in some exceptional areas like those with extremely cold climate that the factor of climate itself determines population growth. In other words, it is … World population distribution is uneven. Areas of high population density tend to be located between 20° and 60°N. Classify the factors affecting the distribution of population into favourable and unfavourable. It is important to note that most of the physical factors influence population distribution only indirectly through climatic conditions. The fertile alluvial and deltaic soils can support dense populations. Factors Affecting Population Distribution Population Distribution: refers to how people are spread across the land. In the pre-industrial agricultural societies, population distribution often fairly evenly distributed responds to the nature of crops grown and their relationship to physical conditions. Terrain: Terrain of land is a potent factor which influences the concentration and growth of population. Places which are densely populated are … 2.2 Factors Affecting Population Distribution The main factors determining population distribution are : climate, landforms, topography, soil, energy and mineral resources, accessibility like distance from sea coast, natural harbours, navigable rivers or Disclaimer While Java is one of the most densely parts of the world, the Amazon basin is marked with a very sparse population. Similarly, when the Government of India announced that no licenses would be issued to start new industries or to expand existing industries in Greater Mumbai, the flow of migrants into that metropolis was expected to be arrested at least to some extent. The location of a certain place in relation to other areas is another geographic factor which determines how far it will be able to attract population and support it. In more recent times, several Middle East countries have allowed and have even encouraged immigration from neighboring developing countries to man several skilled well as semi-skilled and unskilled jobs. The factors that caused the pattern of population distribution are numerous however there are a few general but important ones. Differential fertility and mortality rates lead to differential growth rates which, in turn, lead to changes in the population of a country over a long period of time. D. Human factors affecting population density: economic development. Plagiarism Prevention 4. In association with climatic conditions, varying soil types give rise to variety of vegetation cover on the earth surface. The social and economic factors affecting population distribution are: (1) the type of economic activity; (2) the type of technology employed; and (3) social policy. The factors are: 1. Dense population concentration has replaced long established pattern of dispersal and generally even distribution. On the other hand, the leached soils of temperate lands, the podsols, which are very poor in terms of fertility, can support only a sparse population. Marketing intermediaries refers to resellers, physical distribution firms, marketing services agencies, and financial intermediaries. Start studying Factors Affecting Population distribution. Initially, sources of energy and mineral resources became the force of industrial growth and population concentration. The six factors affecting human population distribution are: 1. Economic Factors Geographical Factors Topography People prefer living on plains rather than plateaus and mountains since these areas are suitable for agriculture, manufacturing and also service activities. These economic activities include wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing, finance and business, and even Government and medical services as well as communication. 10 lessons • 2h 7m . Sparsely populated places tend to be difficult places to live. In the mountainous areas valleys provide suitable locations for human settlements. In the erstwhile USSR, facilitated by advances in science and technology, population was directed to parts of Siberian plains, which were hitherto not suitable for human habitation. Geography therefore, usually considers the main climatic belts of the earth as the framework within which human activity takes place. For example, in some islands, most people live near the coast and few live in the interior. For instance, the plains of North America and Europe are densely populated areas, so is the Ganges Valley in India. Language - Hindi Class - Subject - Geography Paper - Unit - Professor - Dr. Nivedita A. Lall College - Government Kamla Devi Rathi Mahila P.G. The following points highlight the seven main factors affecting population of living organisms. Birth rate - the number of births per 1000 people. The world population is growing rapidly. The industrial revolution has resulted in considerable change in population distribution in many parts of the world. Though the quality of the soil was an important determinant of population distribution in the past, modern times, and its role may become less important because mod scientific agricultural technology has devised ways to modify that physiochemical structure of the soil and to make it more fertile, it is sterile or exhausted following over-use and/or wrong use. 3. A young population and high fertility rate may cause birth rates to be high; Life expectancy - the number of … Disclaimer 9. ← Prev Question Next Question → 0 votes . Relief features also play an important role in influencing population distribution. There are several instances of formerly prosperous and densely populated areas, which are now only sparsely populated. The concentration of population in urban areas is a result of diverse economic activities which cam be carried out in these areas. More than any other mineral, coed attracts industries and resultant population concentration. The social and economic factors affecting population distribution are: (1) the type of economic activity; (2) the type of technology employed; and (3) social policy. The photo below shows a section of the town of Soufriere in St. Lucia. Likewise, several other examples can be cited from elsewhere in the world including Canada, the USA and Russia. On the other hand, in some areas all the factors appear to be favourable to high population concentration. On the other hand, in urban areas, people do not depend on land for sustenance and, therefore, can live in one area, though they depend on products from other areas. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. “In Europe, it is 50 per cent of the land surface, in South America 25 per cent, in Asia 25 per cent, in the North America and Africa each 20 per and in Australia 10 per cent.”. Factors Affecting Population Distribution September 22, 2017 In any study of population distribution, it is necessary identify factors which determine the way in which it is distribution within an area of a country, or in a country as well as in continent in which that country lies, or … The main factors that affect distribution of population are natural resources, climatic conditions, soils, cultural factors, age of human settlement, industrial development and means of transport and communication. This lesson deals with distribution of population, factors affecting it's distribution, population change, patterns of population change and population … What are the Factors affecting the distribution of insolation? A population distribution factor is a feature of a place that can alter people's decisions about where they wish to live. Factors Affecting Population Density Geographers are not unanimous in their opinion that the distribution of population is determined mainly by physical factors. Tropical forests, savanna, tundra and taiga provide different media for human occupation and concentration. When a great variety of economic activity is concentrated in a single area, the result is high population density. Access to Other Communities easily accessible by planes, railroads, and public transportation (buses, subways, and taxi services) Factors affecting population distribution/density Dubai is a thriving settlement in the midst of the desert. Factors influencing global population distribution Physical factors Climate. Video by Darshana Sawant explanation of factors affecting distribution of population #std8#geography #Population Population distribution and density in an area depends to a large extent on the type and scale of economic activities. Land and Soil Resources. 1. The categories, however, are in no way like water-tight compartment. Geographical Factors 2. Abrupt changes in the density of population can be seen on the world map of population distribution where plains meet mountain ranges. image credit luxatic.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population:Factors affecting population distribution/density Most of the densely populated areas of the world have a very long history of human habitation, while sparse population in certain areas can in part be explained in terms of its recent habitation. It is, therefore, important to note that the influences of all the physical factors outlined above operate through a series of economic, social and political factors in the area concerned. Because of the diverse types of economic activities undertaken in urban areas, small land areas can be inhabited by large populations. Population growth is a global priority because of the problems posed by the demographic explosion of recent years. The availability of jobs also affects population. Various economic activities are interrelated with the types of technology that are used, and jointly they influence population distribution. For instance, one of the main reasons for the development of industries in and around Pune is the proximity of that area to Mumbai and the excellent modes of transportation that are available. It is important to note that the influence of soils cannot be viewed in isolation, that is, soils influence population distribution in associ­ation with other physical factors, mainly climate. Job opportunities attract people to live there as more jobs = more income = more infrastructure and transport. It has been estimated that high mountains, which generally tend to discourage human settlements, occupy more than one million square miles of the earth’s land surface. Moreover, progress in technology can alter the effectiveness of soil types on population concentration to a greater extent. Human Resources: Distribution of Population, Factors Affecting it, and more. In any study of population distribution, it is necessary identify factors which determine the way in which it is distribution within an area of a country, or in a country as well as in continent in which that country lies, or in a region, or in the world considered as a whole. Factors Affecting Marketing Environment. The nature of the terrain is also an important geographic feature determining population distribution. With technological progress and increasing control over nature, man has been able to affect many of the influences of climatic conditions. The extreme case is that of large expanses of deserts, where there is no population at all because of the absence of any source of water supply. Global factors affecting business The way of running the business differs from country to country. Industrialization and discovery of new sources of minerals and energy resources have, throughout human history, brought about redistribution of population through migration. La Paz, the highest city in the world (3,640 m) and the capital of Bolivia, owes its existence to this factor. Lesson 10 of 10 • 1536 upvotes • 12:33 mins. Social and Economic Factors of Population Distribution. What are the factors which affecting the terrestrial ecosystem? However, in low latitude areas, which are otherwise hot and less favourable, high altitude provides suitable conditions for human habitation. It has been estimated that 6.4 million square miles of the earth are too cold for cropping.When temperatures are very high and are combined with humidity, such conditions may not be too attractive for those who may wish to migrate to these places for other reasons, thus affecting population growth due to immigration. Save. Though, both of them experience equatorial type of climate, they differ markedly from one another in terms of population density. Short Essay on the Study of Population Distribution by Geographic Areas. In the latter part of the nineteenth century rich mineral deposits were discovered in Africa. Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Low-lying plains are the most favourable to population settlements. Copyright. This area contains a large land area and a relatively temperate climate. It is aptly said that increasing complexity and diversification of economic activities, the world over, have led to a new pattern of population distribution. The Climate of the Area- if the area is grassland or forested then it has a low population density because these areas are prone to rainfall. Fresh Water. As against this, in the high latitude areas, it becomes extremely difficult to live beyond a few hundred metres from sea level. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Population distribution is about how people are spread across the earth. IB DP Geography - Factors affecting population distribution (global scale) Part 1 – Physical Factors Identify the image from the first column, give it a suitable factor title and then explain how it influences population distribution. Apart from the factors discussed above, historical processes should also be taken into account while explaining the patterns of population distribution. Factors affecting population density, group size and territory size of the European badger, Meles meles. 2. Privacy Policy There are many factors that influence population distribution and population density. Mountainous areas with steep slopes and poor quality soil tend to have low population densities. The influences of latitude and altitude on population distri­bution cannot be separated from one another. There is a great deal of interaction among the three types of facto which makes it difficult for us to identify one type of factor being exclusively responsible for a particular pattern of population distribution. Factors affecting Population Distribution. The map above shows that world population distribution is uneven. In most countries, there are wide regional variations in the geographic distribution of the population. 10 views. 5. Socioeconomic factors Factors such as the availability of jobs and comparatively high wages can contribute to high population density through migration. In this context, the role of the Nile in Egypt and the Ganges in India is worth noting. Migration influences population distribution within a country, for people migrate to large industrial centres in search of employment opportunities, thus bringing about population redistribution. In Egypt, nearly 98 per cent of the population is concentrated forming a ribbon along the Nile River. On the other hand, several ancient civilisations flourished on the banks of rivers. Some are of the view that social and economic factors are more important than physical factors, and that, as society becomes more complex, these physical factors become less important in determining population distribution. A series of dynasties lasted from ancient times until the Qin Dynasty which lasted from 1644 till 1911. High altitude in general imposes an ultimate physiological limit upon human existence due to reduced atmospheric pressure and low oxygen content. Geographical Factors 2. This review of the geographical factors affecting population distribution clearly indicates that, generally, no factor by itself is responsible for the concentration of population or lack of it. On the other hand, population distribution within a country is not as easily controlled because, in most countries, citizens have the constitutional right to decide the place of residence within a country. Watch Queue Queue . All these factors are usually inter-related. Likewise, extremely high temperature and aridity in the hot deserts of the world restrict human habitability. Image Guidelines 5. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Major factors influencing the distribution and density of population are described as under: 1. Social Factors 3. Coastal areas have more moisture than interior parts of continents. 15:00 mins. Classify the factors affecting the distribution of population into favourable and unfavourable. Content Guidelines Social Factors 3. 2. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. Location of mineral and energy resources has led to dense population concentration in many parts of the world, which otherwise do not provide suitable conditions for human habitation. Rising Himalayas, thus, mark the northern limit of dense population in the Ganga plain. Though the three demography variables fertility, mortality and migration are themselves determined by social, economic and geographic factors, it is possible to consider them in the light of their influence on population distribution. Abstract and Figures The study of population distribution and its influencing factors is one of the key fields within population geography. Physical factors that affect population distribution include altitude and latitude, relief, climate, soils, vegetation, water and location of mineral and energy resources. This page deals with the Geographical Distribution Of Population and the factors affecting it. Declining birth and death rates are the major reasons why Japan is … Many human and physical factors affect population distribution and population density across the world. The factors affecting distribution of population are described below one by one in a nutshell manner. Duration of human settlements is an important determinant of the magnitude of population concen­tration in any area. However, the geographical distribution of population is greatly unbalanced. Although climatic optima are difficult to define, extremes of temperature, rainfall and humidity certainly limit the concentration of population in any part of the earth. It is in this context that a famous population geographer has referred to “mountains that attract and mountains that repel”. The world population is growing rapidly. These, in turn, provide contrasting environment for a variety of agricultural activities, and hence, lead to different population density. Content Guidelines 2. 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