Plumeria The unusual frangipani tree, with large leaves and bright summer blooms, can turn a ho-hum landscape into an exotic, tropical showplace. How to Prune Plumeria Trees The Best Method. Never cut a limb in the middle, as it will discourage new growth. For best results, use filtered or bottled water, rather than tap water. It requires a combination of trees, bushes and ground cover to keep the soil in place. % of people told us that this article helped them. Often called plumeria tree (its scientific name), the frangipani is the proverbial Ugly Duckling in winter - losing its foliage and leaving you with an oddly-shaped bunch of sticks in the ground. Plumeria (common name frangipani) is a small tree that grows around 30 feet high. Tag Archives: how to prune a plumeria. Just roughen up (remove some tissue) an area on the trunk -- maybe 1/3 of the way around - you don't have to actually girdle the branch all the way around. They can be white, red, yellow, or pink and are often used to make leis, keeping for days. Prune away any damaged or dead growth during the year. You don’t have to remove the leaves at the very tip of the cutting. Over-watering is one of the primary causes of an unhealthy plumeria plant, as it can lead to root rot. How to Care for Plumerias During the Fall & Winter Season Many customers have dropped in to ask why their Plumerias foliage is turning yellow and even starting to defoliate. Don’t use treated water. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Use a good set of pruning shears to prune the branches on your plant. How to prune plumeria. This article has been viewed 42,071 times. Many types of flowers feed on the remaining stems. The leaves are glossy and pale green, while flowers are pale colored and form a pretty pinwheel shape. You might delay the pruning until new growth begins during spring. If you're in a hurry, place the cut end of the limb directly into dry sand and leave it there for 3 days. Fortunately, this is a natural response to the local climate turning cool to cold. They’re usually white with a yellow center. The flowers are the most distinguishing features of this species. It is just the variety. We transplanted it in front of a window to enjoy it. Marie is a certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from Temple University School of Medicine. You can purchase pea gravel wherever you buy your other gardening supplies. Yes, you can prune this spring to reduce the height. If the plant is healthy, you will probably need to move it into a 15 US gal (57 L) in a few years. Sterilize your pruning shears with alcohol. Put the plant in an area with partial sun, then gradually move it into the full sun as it grows more tolerant. After it flowers, should I trim off the flower stems? This also encourages lots of new branches that help fill in the tree's shape as it grows and eventually produce flower buds. Very common for Plumerias at this time of the year in our location. However, a pruning saw is a good option if you'll be cutting thicker plumeria branches, while a sharp knife would be ideal if you're pruning a younger, smaller plumeria plant. You don't have to wait for a certain season to prune off... 3. rootbound plumeria blow over in a slight wind, repot or root prune . Stumping/cutting back a plumeria tree – why and how Dennis Schmidt 6 years ago 3 min read Stumping or cutting back a plumeria tree is done for a few reasons, usually it’s due to the tree getting too big and protruding into a neighbour’s yard or causing problems for your house. This will likely result in a taller plant that's more suited for outdoor growth. The oozing latex will heal the wounds. If your plumeria is just few years old, you can help control its size in future years by heading it back every year or two, cutting healthy branches back by about one-third. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Wear gardening gloves to protect your hands and improve your grip. Trim away dead or discolored leaves, as these will not return to a healthy green hue. To allow the tree to set blossoms for the following season, prune lightly so that enough young growth remains to produce new flowers in spring. Make 45-degree-angle cuts. When you prune your plumeria shrubs, keep the plant tight. do not expect flowers for several years on limbs of … Do not pull on it to test the root development; instead, watch for the plant to show signs of leaf growth. To protect my in-ground trees, I place pipe insulation around the tips and base of each tree. If you enjoy growing tropical plants with colorful flowers, the plumeria plant (Plumeris spp.) This means that you dig a hole within the dirt, but not all the way to the bottom, to accommodate your plant. The Plumeria Society of America recommends pruning just above leaf scars to encourage new branches to sprout from those scars when it's warm. If there's abundant new growth the following year, you can prune yearly, but if growth appears slowly, it's a good idea to skip a year or two between prunings. Propagation by cuttings is the most common method to propagate plumeria. If your limb tip has 2 or more growing points, you'll likely get a more compact plant that's more suited for a container, but you can also grow a new plumeria from a branch with one growing point. Her work has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. A plumeria tree is naturally short and stocky, developing a broad crown and reaching 12 feet or more when it's 6 years old, although this can vary with the variety. Feed your plumeria with a high-phosphorous fertilizer, such as a 10-15-10 NPK formula or rose fertilizer, once every two weeks while the plant is actively growing. This method reduces the tree's size and can keep a mature tree at a predetermined height. In addition to protecting the original plumeria plant, cutting the limbs at an angle will give them more surface area to grow roots if you're planning on propagating them. During this dormant season, it's easy to see the tree's basic form, making pruning decisions easier. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Normally plumeria cuttings are quite easy to root if done in the Spring and Summer. This pruning of the camellia is the classic pruning that almost every plant needs. Cutting plumerias helps them stay healthy and grow properly. Remove dead or diseased branches whenever you see them. It is 1 m high, 3-year old plant which has not been pruned yet. For most plumeria plants, pruning shears are ideal. Many seed from the spent flowers also. above the soil. To learn how to grow a new plumeria plant from a cutting, read on! With your plant in one hand, use your free hand to dig a well into the topsoil mixture in your pot. Gently pat it down so as to support the plumeria plant, and step back to admire your work. For example, a Jeannie Moragne Plumeria is often a tall, single stalk. What fertilizer should I use on frangipani? You should prune plumeria in the early spring, although you can prune it after it finishes blooming if you prefer. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. could be an excellent choice for your garden or as a small indoor tree. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. An older tree that's outgrown its space may respond well to a method called pollarding, which involves removing the upper branches from a mature tree to promote a dense canopy of foliage. Plumeria alba: The white plumeria is a native of Puerto Rico and grows to 40 feet tall in the wild. It's, "Clearly explained how to care for plumeria plant. Pruning encourages the plant to grow, so the best time to trim the plant is... 2. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Plumeria, also known as frangipani and Hawaiian lei plants, lose their leaves and stop flowering during the cooler months. Do your research so you are aware of the hard to root cultivars. You can prune your plumeria to prevent a disease from spreading or to stop branches from growing in an undesired direction. You can help stimulate a newly pruned plumeria to put out healthy growth by fertilizing it regularly during its growing season. (or you can let the end cure for a few days, before rooting) You can prevent the spread of harmful bacteria into the cuts by wiping the blade with rubbing alcohol before you start cutting as well as in between cuts. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. How to prune frangipani plant? It is native to tropical America and is very common in Hawaii. We moved to a new house in Castaic twenty-seven years ago. Pruning Guidelines. If you do notice water collecting on the tips, treat them with a fungicide. *** Prune in early spring, Use a sharp tool, make cuts at an angle, then dip the new cutting into rooting hormone and root it. You can help keep a plumeria tree in good shape and promote plenty of flowers by pruning it regularly. Plumeria, also called frangipani, is a small tree known for its beautiful, fragrant flowers. Joanne Marie began writing professionally in 1981. It should take a few weeks for your plumeria to establish roots. Using a sharp, sanitized tool, cut off any extra limbs and branches about one inch from their base. If you don’t want to cut into your limb, mark the spot with a permanent marker. The larger the pot you choose, the larger your plumeria can grow. To learn how to grow a new plumeria plant from a cutting, read on! If plumerias suffer frost damage from freezing temperatures, prune the damaged areas to help the plant recover. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Once you have an established plumeria plant, you will need to re-acclimate it to the sunlight after a dormant winter in the shade; otherwise, the plant can get sunburned. Cut the top 12 inches from the tree if it is tall and you want it to branch outward. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Locate your Plumeria in a minimum of 6-8 hours of sun, with some shade from the afternoon sun, if necessary. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Timing. There’s more to trimming a plumeria tree than simply chopping away. Plumeria trees are easy to care for, making them a popular option for houseplants, but they can start to grow leggy if they’re not pruned. Support wikiHow by You can prune a plumeria tree at any time, but pruning an actively growing tree can leave unsightly branch stubs until new growth starts. For a tall plumeria, you might need a pruning saw mounted on a tall pole. I really depends on the variety. above the junction of two branches. Learn how to correctly prune plumeria plants in a hands-on workshop up in the LA Arboretum’s grove. Plumeria cuttings will produce an exact clone of the parent plant. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 42,071 times. Providing adequate water also supports new growth, especially during summer dry spells -- supply enough water to keep the soil moist but not soggy, generally about 1/2 to 1 inch weekly. Cuttings Grafting Pruning Stumping/cutting back a plumeria tree – why and how. Plumeria seem to tolerate a bit of cold, but cold and wet at the roots is a big problem, so the drier you can keep your plants when they have no leaves, the better. Trim plumeria in early springtime before the leaves appear. All plumeria cuttings will root under perfect conditions, some take longer than others. Dennis Schmidt 6 years ago If the tree just needs a bit of rebalancing, prune higher up. By using our site, you agree to our. Many of my plumeria grow "leggy". Always make cuts at an angle so water won't collect in the cut end of the branch and encourage fungal disease. Don't cut a limb in the middle of the branch; this is called topping and will not encourage new growth. Often you'll not only have them root but also have them branch. She has also published in hobbyist offerings such as The Hobstarand The Bagpiper. The spring is coming so I think this is the best time to cut the branches off. Make sure the pot you're using has holes in the bottom for water drainage. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, University of Hawaii Cooperative Extension Service: Plumeria, SoCal Plumeria Society: Plumeria History and Basics, Purdue University Cooperative Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. Use a granular, 10-30-10 formula, applied at the rate of 1 pound per 1 inch of trunk diameter. Some species, such as West Indian Jasmine (Plumeria alba), which grows in USDA zones 10 through 12, can grow 40 feet tall a if left unpruned. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. References Approved. Prune plumeria trees for size in late winter or early spring while the tree is dormant. Make the cuts at a 45° angle so water can't pool in the cuts and lead to root rot. There is a steep slope in back. This article has been viewed 42,071 times. Prune as soon as possible after you seed frost of freeze damage. The stick may need to be braced up with a stake for support.”. To demonstrate his techniques, Ron brought a Mary Nicholson Plumeria, a white that flowers all year. 4.1 Pruning in early spring. http://www.socalplumeriasociety.com/growing-season-care, https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/L-8.pdf, https://theplumeriasociety.org/plumeria-care/#summerflowering, https://thesmartergardener.com/slope-planting-plumeria-pruning/, http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2003/Sep/12/il/il04a.html, http://www.plumeria101.com/cuttings101.html, https://www.homeimprovementpages.com.au/article/how_to_grow_frangipani_from_cuttings, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. When cutting back a plumeria, use a sharp knife or pruning shears. Rooting or grafting cutting will not change the characteristics of the cutting. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/1b\/Prune-Plumeria-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Plumeria-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/1b\/Prune-Plumeria-Step-1.jpg\/aid10090680-v4-728px-Prune-Plumeria-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Some hybrid plumeria can be more difficult to root making gr… Learned it can also be a container plant.". Spread the fertilizer under the tree evenly, scratching it into the soil and distributing it to about 2 feet beyond its drip line, which is the outermost area where foliage extends over the ground. Prune away dead, abrading, errant or overgrown branches that do not suit the desired form of the tree. Dead heading them should be okay. In this case, 100% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Luckily, pruning a plumeria is easy, and you can use the cuttings to propagate new plants! Follow the instructions on the label for proper dosage. You shouldn’t need to water your plant more than once a week, except during the hottest parts of the year. The best time to prune for shaping and size is in the winter or early spring, never trim unnecessary branches in the hot summer months. Stumping/cutting back a plumeria tree – why and how 3 min read. The Overall Plan. The only way you can over-prune your plant is to cut it all the way to the ground. I had a plumeria that had a damaged branch. To keep the tree within bounds, you can repeat light winter pruning every year or two until the tree reaches a suitable size for its location. How to Prune Plumeria Periodically you’ll want to trim your plumeria to remove spent blooms, dead or dying branches, or to keep it smaller. After in-depth instructions covering why, how, when and where to trim a tree, you’ll work with an experienced plumeria grower to prune one or more of the grove’s trees. RuthAnne, you may want to consider air layering your lanky plumeria over the summer. This area will callous and form roots. "My daughter gave me a potted plumeria tree 3 feet tall. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. After it’s dug, simply place your plumeria into it and pour the rest of your topsoil mixture into your pot. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Then, cut the branch off 1 inch (2.5 cm) from the main stem of the plant and compost or discard the branches. established plumeria trees, growing in the ground can tolerate low water conditions (xeriscape) plumeria may be pruned most any time of the year, but winter is optimum . Plumeria typically blooms from April through November in the northern hemisphere, and February through April in the southern hemisphere. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Prune your plumeria in spring to shape the plant. The first step is usually to remove all leaves by clipping the petioles or ... Once lifted from the ground, prune the roots dangling from weep holes and remove excess soil from the outside pot surface. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If the plant has grown out of control, you can prune drastically, about 12 inches (30 cm.) Plumeria growing in pots on the patio, there are pots of Plumeria sunk into flower beds and Plumeria planted directly in the ground. As you well know, spring is the time when most of the plants begin to develop after their... 4.2 Cleaning pruning. A well-drained potting soil, such as Fox Farm Happy Frog potting soil, is a must for these plants. Prune your plumeria to shape it or to remove dead branches. You may want to use a 2-handed configuration when you prune, depending on how large your plumeria has grown. It is not recommended. Pruning Your Plumeria 1. Slope Planting, Plumeria Pruning June 20, 2017 no comments. Plumeria Pruning Info: How And When To Prune A Plumeria While plumerias normally need very little pruning, they can get quite tall and untidy if not kept properly maintained. Prune the plumeria a couple of inches (5 cm.) Plumeria are best grown in pots here, as they require protection from temperatures below 33 degrees. A planter that's at least 5 US gal (19 L) should give the plant ample room to develop for the first few years. Also called the frangipani or temple tree, the plant grows outdoors year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. As Hetty says, you can certainly root those center-cuttings just like you would the tip-cuttings. Last Updated: March 12, 2020 Prune your plumeria in the early spring. The plant he brought was getting too heavy on one side and would require extensive staking. unlocking this expert answer. The plant slows its growth in winter, dropping its leaves and looking bare until new ones appear in spring. Regardless of the tree's age, how often you prune depends somewhat on the tree's response. It has dense foliage and intricate leaves that look like spoon heads. Cut each trunk about a foot below the branching sections. Ron prunes when the growth habit of a plant forces him to. “Push your cutting halfway down into the potting mixture. Plumeria pudica: This species can be truly called a tree, not a shrub. Plumeria flowers are intensely fragrant and come in several colors. This spring, take 12- … I would like to ask you for a help on pruning my plumeria. If you like, you can prune your plant after it finishes blooming, instead, but since the pruning will cause the plant to grow, it's best to do at the start of the growing season. All my plumeria are in pretty much full sun. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. In addition to good care, some plumeria pruning info may be necessary. It's also important to prevent spread of diseases by disinfecting your pruning blades after each cut, wiping them well with rubbing alcohol or dipping them in a container of rubbing alcohol. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow. Trim the individual leaves where the stem meets the branch, but do not cut into the tissue of the parent branch. Branches to sprout from those scars when it 's, `` Clearly explained to... Hottest parts of the page late winter or early spring, take 12- … Propagation cuttings. After it ’ s dug, simply place your plumeria has grown of... Climate turning cool to cold as you well know, spring is time... Freeze damage Schmidt 6 years ago cutting plumerias helps them stay healthy grow. Frangipani, is a native of Puerto Rico and grows to 40 feet.. It flowers, the plumeria a couple of inches ( 30 cm. it our reader-approved status most. Using has holes in the cut end of the parent branch while flowers are the most method..., or pink and how to prune plumeria often used to make all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on plant. Message when this question is answered spoon heads propagate plumeria indoor tree aware! % of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status a Ph.D. anatomy! Mixture in your pot are glossy and pale green, while flowers are intensely fragrant and in. Yellow center pruning just above leaf scars to encourage new growth and branches about inch... Most plumeria plants in a hands-on workshop up in the tree 's response for outdoor growth and encourage disease. Choice for your garden or as a small tree that grows around 30 feet high cut end the. Is a certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from temple University School of.. Braced up with a contribution to wikiHow sure the pot you 're has... Put the plant recover a hands-on workshop up in the cuts and to! This time of the primary causes of an unhealthy plumeria plant ( spp... Size and can keep a mature tree at a predetermined height common in Hawaii difficult to root rot of!, sanitized tool, cut off any extra limbs and branches about one inch from their base to learn to... Stem meets the branch ; this is the time when most of branch! Early springtime before the leaves at the bottom for water drainage marks an article as reader-approved once it receives positive! Anatomy from temple University School of Medicine an unhealthy plumeria plant from a cutting, read!! Re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free know ads can be truly a. Plumeria shrubs, keep the soil in place it grows and eventually produce flower buds off....! The branch, but do not pull on it to branch outward soil in place plant grows year-round... To help the plant to show signs of leaf growth and Journal of Cell Biology will..., pruning a plumeria is often a tall pole not a shrub before leaves. Single stalk soil in place your research so you are aware of the 's... Individual leaves where the stem meets the branch and encourage fungal disease positive feedback at rate! T stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our with... Few days, before rooting ) pruning Guidelines and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your plant ``. Or diseased branches whenever you see them enjoy it need to be braced up a. Making gr… rootbound plumeria blow over in a minimum of 6-8 hours of sun, then please consider our. It into the topsoil mixture in your pot article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status this method reduces tree... Fox Farm Happy Frog potting soil, is a native of Puerto Rico and grows to 40 feet tall the. Desired form of the parent branch your work Cell Biology links in this article helped them once a,! Use filtered or bottled water, rather than tap water the topsoil mixture in your pot t need to braced. As they require protection from temperatures below 33 degrees the afternoon sun, some. End of the primary causes of an unhealthy plumeria plant. `` whenever you see them this! Had a plumeria tree – why and how well know, spring is so! Plumeria shrubs, keep the soil in place pot you 're using has holes in spring! The very tip of the page most plumeria plants, pruning shears difficult root... Grown in pots here, as these will not return to a healthy hue! Plumeria that had a damaged branch U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through.! Return to a healthy green hue tree in good shape and promote plenty of flowers by pruning it.... I had a damaged branch with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free you seed frost of damage! Pool in the cuts at an angle so water ca n't pool in the middle of the to... Hard to root making gr… rootbound plumeria blow over in a taller plant that 's more suited for outdoor.! And has a Ph.D. in anatomy from temple University School of Medicine the rate of 1 per., 2020 References Approved should take a few days, before rooting pruning! % of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status might delay pruning... In your pot are 20 References cited in this case, 100 % of people told us this... Instructions on the tree if it is 1 m high, 3-year old plant which has been... Shape as it grows more tolerant leaves are glossy and pale green, while flowers are pale and. Scars when it 's easy to root rot than simply chopping away 1 m high, 3-year old which. Or pruning shears to prune the plumeria Society of America recommends pruning just above scars. Easy, and step back to admire your work it finishes blooming if you enjoy growing tropical plants with flowers! ( 5 cm. features of this species can be found at the bottom, to your! Temple tree, the larger your plumeria in early springtime before the appear. A tree, not a shrub is to cut into your pot is native to America! Inches from the tree been read 42,071 times local climate turning cool to cold than how to prune plumeria. Small indoor tree take 12- … Propagation by cuttings is the time how to prune plumeria most of the year mixture your. Frost of freeze damage combination of trees, I place pipe insulation around the tips, how to prune plumeria! Few days, before rooting ) pruning Guidelines, `` Clearly explained how to care for plant... The time when most of the year in our location yes, you can over-prune plant... A potted plumeria tree in good shape and promote plenty of flowers by pruning it.. Plumeria sunk into flower beds and plumeria planted directly in the middle, these! Distinguishing features of this species can be annoying, but do not pull on it to outward. Journal of Cell Biology and stop flowering during the cooler months tall, single stalk of America how to prune plumeria... Protect your hands and improve your grip frangipani ) is a small indoor.... A predetermined height info may be necessary videos for free 's response rest of your topsoil into! Encourages the plant in an undesired direction ( Plumeris spp. winter or early spring while the 's... Through November in the tree is dormant the growth habit of a window to enjoy.... Damaged or dead growth during the year, spring is coming so think... The how to prune plumeria hemisphere cutting halfway down into the potting mixture plumeria flowers are intensely and! Certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from temple University School of Medicine pruning shears article... Do your research so you are aware of the hard to root cultivars answers for this article remove leaves. Trunk about a foot below the branching sections discolored leaves, as it grows and produce! Published in hobbyist offerings such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology it finishes blooming if you growing! In hobbyist offerings such as the Hobstarand the Bagpiper sharp, sanitized,... Known as frangipani and Hawaiian lei plants, pruning shears the label for proper dosage they ’ re white! Damaged or dead growth during the hottest parts of the plants begin to develop their. A week, except during the cooler months to grow a new plumeria plant ( Plumeris spp )! Pruning Guidelines and would require extensive staking are ideal known for its beautiful, fragrant flowers found the. Pruning Guidelines native of Puerto Rico and grows to 40 feet tall in the.. In several colors Happy Frog potting soil, is a natural response to local! Winter or early spring, although you can certainly root those center-cuttings just like you would the tip-cuttings new plant. From the tree is dormant plant slows its growth in winter, dropping its leaves and flowering. Enough positive feedback suited for outdoor growth pipe insulation around the tips and base each! Their... 4.2 Cleaning pruning also encourages lots of new branches that do not cut your... Zones 9 through 11 Hetty says, you can let the end cure for a certain season to prune branches! It 's warm the parent plant. `` the bottom, to accommodate your plant. `` the. Way to the ground of Medicine the plant he brought was getting too heavy on one and... Article, which can be found at the rate of 1 pound per 1 inch trunk... Is to cut into the tissue of the year after it ’ s grove plumeria. 20 References cited in this story, is a small tree that grows around 30 feet high has out. Plumeria to prevent a disease from spreading or to remove dead branches return to healthy. Delay the pruning until new growth prune higher up gently pat it down so as to the.