The Parthenon was conceived in a way that the aesthetic elements allow for a smooth transition between the exterior and the interior that housed the chryselephantine statue of Athena. The name Parthenon derives from one of Athena’s many epithets: Athena Parthenos, meaning Virgin. Athena Parthenos Reconstructionby Mary Harrsch (Photographed at the Nashville Parthenon, Tennessee) (CC BY-NC-SA). Meaning of Parthenon. Elgin took away 14 metopes (mostly from the south side), a large number of the best preserved slabs from the frieze (and casts of the rest), and some figures from the pediments (notably the torso sections of Athena, Poseidon, and Hermes, a reasonably well preserved Dionysos, and a horse head). Cartwright, Mark. The columns also have entasis, that is, a slight fattening in their middle, and the four corner columns are imperceptibly fatter than the other columns. Dionysos from the Parthenon.by James Lloyd (CC BY-NC-SA). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Parthenon means ‘house of Parthenos’ which was the name given in the 5th century BCE to the chamber inside the temple which housed the cult statue. The Parthenon is currently being restored and thus, is surrounded by scaffoldings and cranes. Parthenon. The restoration works will be completed in 2020. Then in 1458 CE the occupying Turks converted the building into a mosque and so added a minaret in the southwest corner. The subject itself was a unique choice, as usually scenes from Greek mythology were chosen to decorate buildings. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. This was more usual for a treasury building and perhaps reflects the Parthenon’s double function as a religious temple and a treasury. Original artwork for illustration on p15 of Look and Learn issue no 852 (13 May 1978).” from the Look and Learn History Picture Archive The Parthenon would become the largest Doric Greek temple, although it was innovative in that it mixed the two architectural styles of Doric and the newer Ionic. The history of the Acropolis goes back much farther than the Parthenon itself. There is evidence that the temple was built to measure in order to accommodate the chryselephantine statue of Athena by Pheidias. Over time the confederation transformed into the Athenian Empire, and Pericles therefore had no qualms in using the League’s funds to embark on a massive building project to glorify Athens. Parthenon: 1 n the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Each entrance has an additional six columns in front of it. All the interior walls except the east side were blown out, columns collapsed on the north and south sides, carrying with them half of the metopes. The Parthenon is a peripteral octastyle Doric temple with Ionic architectural features. License. Cartwright, Mark. Parthenon synonyms, Parthenon pronunciation, Parthenon translation, English dictionary definition of Parthenon. The combination of these refinements makes the temple seem perfectly straight, symmetrically in harmony, and gives the entire  building a certain vibrancy. The Parthenon is a Doric temple, which artfully incorporated selected Ionic features to produce a building that many, including some of the world's top architects, have called perfect. The temple would remain in use for more than a thousand years, and despite the ravages of time, explosions, looting, and pollution damage, it still dominates the modern city of Athens, a magnificent testimony to the glory and renown the city enjoyed throughout antiquity. Parthenon definition: the temple on the Acropolis in Athens built in the 5th century bc and regarded as the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It was built in the mid-5th century BCE and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos. The east pediment as a whole depicts the birth of Athena and the west side the competition between Athena and Poseidon to become patron of the great city. "Parthenon." The construction of the Parthenon tells a lot about the Greek culture. The most characteristic feature in the architecture and decoration of the temple is the Ionic frieze running around the exterior walls of the cella, which is the inside structure of the Parthenon. 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