Protection motivation theory and adolescent drug trafficking: relationship between health motivation and longitudinal risk involvement. D.L. The survey protocol was approved by Institutional Review Board at Wuhan University, China. To our knowledge, PMT theory can be considered as an expansion of Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) Theory to encompass such components as cognitive appraisal of the risks of schistomaisis infection, and benefits from using protection and self-coping strategies. Protective behaviors are ordered from most often used to least often used. Methods. Data Availability: The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restriction. Individuals make contributions (inputs) for which they expect certain outcomes (rewards). The PMT may be an alternative to the KAP, because it integrates cognitive process with information, knowledge, attitudes to behavior intentions and further to behaviors [39].The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability of the PMT in understanding the schistosomiasis-related knowledge, experiences, attitudes and behavior among young students in China. Coping appraisal pathway consists of three subconstructs in two groups, with one group assessing perceived efficacy with two subconstructs (i.e. Argyris’s Theory 7. … The mean and standard deviation of each item in Schistosomiasis PMT scale are presented in Table 4. The demographic characteristics of the study sample are displayed in Table 1. Among the total 2,796 participants who provided data, 274 (9.80%) who responded negatively to the question, “Do you know what is schistosomiasis?” were excluded. Social marketers who are looking to use protection motivation theory will need to develop the appropriate products: depending on the complexity of the campaign such products could be simple pamphlets or educational courses running in the community. Humanistic theory Ruba Tarshne. Diet and nutrition are major determinants of population health. Yes This theory proposes that we protect ourselves through a number of ways: 1) Perceived vulnerability . The effects of fear appeals on persuasion were investigated in a factorial experiment that was designed to test a combined model of protection motivation theory and self-efficacy theory. Online purchasing study . Mcclelland motivation theory, the need theory on achievement. We developed the Schistosomiasis PMT Scale for this study through team effort. Stay critical when you use a theory, because theories are subjectively measured. One study in Uganda found that the prevalence rate and the severity of schistosomiasis infection often peaked between 10 and 14 years of age and then declines with increasing age [7]. Athletes might fear to perform not at their best form if they do not attend training. Choosing a theory for an assignment or report is made easier, since you are able to ‘browse’ through the different theories. However, behavioral prevention has not been emphasized, particular in adolescents. School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China, Relative to students with previous knowledge and protective experience, more efforts may be needed to encourage naive youth to use protection against schistosomaisis. A protection motivation theory is proposed that postulates the three crucial components of a fear appeal to be (a) the magnitude of noxiousness of a depicted event; (b) the probability of that event's occurrence; and (c) the efficacy of a protective response. But many questions remain. However, despite increases in knowledge among residents in the epidemic areas due to KAP theory-based schistosomiasis health education, no significant reduction in water-contact behavior was evident. Furthermore, a longitudinal study in China revealed that despite treatment with praziquantel, re-infection rates also remain high among children and young adolescents [9]. Copyright: © 2014 Xiao et al. Performed the experiments: HX SL MG HY. A recent report estimated that about 372, 644.10 hectares of areas in China was infested with Oncomelania snail, a species of snail known to be the primary vector for schistosomiasis [4]. Protection motivation theory as a theoretical framework for. Participants were sampled using a three-step stratified cluster sampling method. Health promotion is motivated by the desire to enhance well being and to actualize human potential (Pender, 1996).” The HPM is a borrowed theory. 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