Many of these bird species are placed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA). Nicobar Megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground, Nicobar Treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Context: The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. We ask students to login via google as we share a lot of our content over google drive. Being restri The region also harbours a large number of endemic and/or endangered species of fauna: Crab-eating Macaque, Nicobar Tree Shrew, Dugong, Nicobar Megapode, Serpent Eagle, salt water crocodile, marine turtles and Reticulated Python. About Prelims Marathon – In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. Secondly, the Tillanchong island is sacred for the Nicobarese people. Some of the endemic species in the island are Narcondam hornbill, Nicobar megapode, the Nicobar treeshrew,the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko. Endemic Species of A&N. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: Mains level: Bio-geographic zones of India. Among birds, endemism is quite high, with 36 among 344 species of birds found only on the islands. Endemic Fauna: Crab-eating macaque, Nicobar megapode, Giant robber crab, Nicobar serpent eagle; Tribals: Shompen and Nicobarese; Gulf of Mannar: Tamil Nadu (Indian part of Gulf of Mannar) River: Rishi Ganga ; Flora: Forest Type: Tropical Dry Broad-leafed forest, seaweed communities, seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. km. Criteria: C2a(i);D1 Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria Justification of Red List category This species has been retained as Vulnerable despite undergoing a dramatic decline following the 2004 tsunami. Another unique feature of the islands’ ecosystem is its marine faunal diversity, which includes coral reefs and its associated fauna. Of the ten species of marine fauna found on … The total area of the A&N Islands, which comprises of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops, is about 8,249 sq. These are snow leopard, bastard, dolphin, hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, marine turtles, dugongs, edible nest swiftlet, Asian wild buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian rhino, Asiatic lions, Swamp deer, Jerdon’s Courser and Brown antlered deer. Newly hatched chicks climb out of the loose soil of the mound and being fully feathered are capable of flight. LTD is the parent company of CIVILSDAILY IAS. Development paradigm that we are pushing for this place at the macro level, such as tourism, construction and development of military, are not taking in account three factors: Ecological fragility of the area (the endemism), Geological volatility (earthquakes and tsunamis), and, Impact they will have on local communities. The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) — Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens — is not more than 4 lakh. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Endemic Flora: Screw pine, Nipa palm, Ceylon iron wood. The Government has established a Protected Area (PA) Network (730 PAs including 103 National Parks, 535 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 26 Community Reserves, and 66 Conservation Reserves in different biogeographic regions) towards conservation of threatened (including endangered and vulnerable) species, which primarily covers habitats of threatened megafauna, such as tiger, rhino, … A/C Name: APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. The Nicobar megapode or Nicobar scrubfowl is a megapode found in some of the Nicobar Islands. The island harbours a wide spectrum of ecosystems from tropical wet evergreen forests, mountain ranges and coastal plains. The development paradigm that we are pushing for this place at the macro level are not taking in account three factors — ecological fragility of the area (the endemism), geological volatility (earthquakes and tsunamis), and the impact they will have on local communities. The Nicobar Islands are on the edge of the distribution of megapodes, well separated from the nearest ranges of other megapode species. Context: Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Madhya Pradesh (MP) has been included in the global network of biosphere reserves in the Man and Biosphere programme by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). The Nicobar tribes are Mongoloid; the Andaman tribes, including the Sentinelese, are Negrito — evidence for the Homo sapiens migration from East Africa some 70,000 years ago. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. We at … Great Nicobar Island Researchers have found litter from Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand on the island, which hosts a biosphere reserve. A scientific Recovery Plan has to be prepared by the Chief Wildlife Warden in each state. Major portion of the litter (40.5%) was of Malaysian origin. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 5 times. Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered — Andaman shrew (. The publication cautions that tourism, illegal construction and mining are posing a threat to the islands’ biodiversity, which is already vulnerable to volatile climatic factors. Questions are based on the static part of the syllabus. Like other megapode relatives, it builds a large mound nest with soil and vegetation, with the eggs hatched by the heat produced by decomposition. APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. Similarly, all species of gorgonian (sea fans) and calcerous sponge are listed under different schedules of the WPA. Many of these bird species are placed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA). They are Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Philippines, Vietnam, India, Myanmar, China and Japan. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Dec 04, 2020 - Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. To access the same, a google account is a must, Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (Geography and Environment) – August 16, 2020. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. LTD A survey of five beaches in the Great Nicobar Island has recorded plastic that is found to be of ‘non-Indian origin’. km. ( Log Out /  Asiatic Lion in Gir Forest, Lion-tailed Macaque in Western Ghats of India, Nilgiri Tahr, Malabar large spotted civet, Nilgiri Blue Robin, Jerdon’s Corser, Nilgai, Nicobar megapode are some of the species of animals endemic to India. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Another unique feature of the islands’ ecosystem is its marine faunal diversity, which includes coral reefs and its associated fauna. The island is also home to giant robber crabs, crab eating macaques, the rare megapode as well as leatherback turtles. Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’ (IDWH) is an on-going Centrally Sponsored Scheme which has been made operational by adding more components and activities to the erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Scheme - "Assistance for the Development of National Parks and … According to the 2011 census, has a population of about 8,069. A long period of isolation from the mainland made the islands hotspots for speciation (the formation of new and distinct species) resulting in hundreds of endemic species and subspecies, any stress can have a long-lasting impact on the islands’ biodiversity, devastating the population size of any endemic fauna, followed by extinction within a limited span of time. Among birds, endemism is quite … Tourism, illegal construction and mining are posing a threat to the islands’ biodiversity, which is already vulnerable to volatile climatic factors. The total area of the A&N Islands, which comprises of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops, is about 8,249 sq. Flora: Tropical and Sub-tropical Moist Broad-leafed Forest. Fauna: Endemic Fauna: Crab-eating macaque, Nicobar megapode, Giant robber crab, Nicobar serpent eagle: Yes: 5: Gulf of Mannar: Tamil Nadu (Indian part of Gulf of Mannar) Similarly, all species of gorgonian (sea fans) and calcerous sponge are listed under different schedules of the WPA. Choose from our wide range of premium and contemporary clothing that suit many, many lifestyles. Context: The pristine beaches of the Great Nicobar Island, India’s southernmost territory, are under threat from plastic.A survey of five beaches in the islands recorded the presence of plastic bottles. In all, 555 species of scleractinian corals (hard or stony corals) are found in the island ecosystem, all which are placed under Schedule I of the WPA. Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered — Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis), Jenkin’s shrew (C. jenkinsi) and Nicobar shrew (C. nicobarica). Download GKToday Academy App for Easy to Read Mobile E-Books. This has triggered further concerns of increased anthropogenic pressures over the islands’ ecosystem. The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) — Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens — is not more than 4 lakh. The ZSI document proves that the islands, comprising only 0.25% of India’s geographical area, are home to more than 10% of the country’s fauna species. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Among birds, endemism is quite high, with 36 among 344 species of birds found only on the islands. Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened, according to the IUCN. In a recent development, the Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. Like other megapodesrelatives, it builds a large mound nest with soil and vegetation, with the eggs hatched by the heat produced by decomposition. Endemic species: The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. The Great Nicobar Island of Andaman has an area of about 1044 sq. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Details: About 10 countries including India contribute to the plastic litter in the island. The Nicobar Megapodeor Nicobar Scrubfowl(Megapodius nicobariensis) is a megapodefound in some of the Nicobar Islands (India). The island is home to one of the most primitive tribes of India — the Shompens. Great Nicobar: Anadaman & Nicobar Islands: Climate: Tropical. Galathea National Park is geographically situated in the “Great Nicobar Island”, the largest in Nicobar Islands, which is southern most of Andaman archipelago. In a recent development, the Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. The Great Nicobar Island of Andaman has an area of about 1044 sq. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Dec 04, 2020 - Shankar IAS: Summary of Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. A/C No: xxxxxxxxxx2695 The Sentinelese are a pre-Neolithic people who have inhabited North Sentinel Island for an estimated 55,000 years without contact with the outside world. Mammals: Snow Leopard, Bustards (including Floricans), Hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, , Asian Wild Buffalo, Manipur Brow-antlered, Malabar civet, the great one-horned rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp deer. The number of tourists visiting the islands has crossed the number of people residing in them, with latest data showing 4.87 lakh tourists visiting the islands annually. Major endemic faunal species found only on the A&N Islands and nowhere else are Narcondam hornbill, Nicobar megapode (a bird that builds nests on the ground); Nicobar treeshrew (a small mole-like mammal), Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko. [op-ed snap] Ahead on malaria: on reduction in cases in India, A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) titled. Total area of the park is 110 Km 2. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: ... Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp Deer and Jerdon’s Courser; National Board for Wildlife. Species already included in the recovery programme: Snow Leopard, Bustard (including Floricans), Dolphin, Hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp Deer and Jerdon’s Courser. The island is home to one of the most primitive tribes of India — the Shompens. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar tree shrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Some of the species in A&N Islands are restricted to a very small area and thus more vulnerable to any anthropogenic threat. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  Of the ten species of marine fauna found on the islands, the dugong/sea cow, and the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, are both classified as Vulnerable under the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species. According to the 2011 census, has a population of about 8,069. Bank Details: Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened, according to the IUCN. Great Nicobar is the southernmost island of the Nicobar Islands Archipelago. Written by: ForumIAS Posted on August 16th, 2020 Last modified on August 16th, 2020 Comments. ( Log Out /  The island includes the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve (GNBR) comprising of the Galathea National Park and the Campbell Bay National Park. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. A collection of carefully crafted pieces that are designed to offer comfort. But faced with charges that it was ‘obstructionist’, the NBWL gave in-principle approval for one-time firing of missiles on the island, in the 25th meeting of the NBWL. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 6 times. Birds: Edible-nest Swiftlets, Nicobar Megapode, , Vultures, and Jerdon’sCourser. Home Current Affairs Today GK Questions Current Affairs Questions Banking Awareness E-Books हिन्दी ☰ Clouded Leopard Current Affairs - 2020. Change ), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), About: Emergency use authorisation (EUA) or Emergency License, About: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Factory of the world Editorial 28th Nov’20 TimesOfIndia. The Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats‘ has been modified by including a new component namely ‘Recovery of Endangered Species‘ and 16 species have been identified for recovery viz. It is located on the island of Great Nicobar in the Nicobar Islands, which lie … The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) recently added four species- the Northern River Terrapin, Clouded Leopard, Arabian Sea Humpback Whale, Red Panda- to a Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species on the recommendation of a Standing Committee. Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Clouded Leopard for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. km. Firstly, the Tillanchong IBA holds the most stable population of the Nicobar Megapode, found nowhere else in the world except the Nicobars. In all, 555 species of scleractinian corals (hard or stony corals) are found in the island ecosystem, all which are placed under Schedule I of the WPA. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve . Good Morning Friends, We are Posting Today’s Prelims Marathon . km. Of the ten species of marine fauna found on the islands, the dugong/sea cow, and the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, are both classified as Vulnerable under the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species. 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