The male shrub will have small flowers in clusters while the female shrub’s flowers will be more conspicuous and fewer in number. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. That's why it's advised that the male and females be no more than 50 feet apart from each other. Winterberry is host to the Henry’s Elfin Butterfly (pictured above). Wait to take your cuttings until after your last frost and the shrubs are actively growing. To produce berries, a male and female plant need to be in close proximity (100 feet or less). Because only fertilized female plants will produce the wonderful display of berries, it is crucial that there be at least one male winterberry plant in the area to allow for cross-pollination. Ilex verticillata are dioecious (translated as "two houses"), meaning there are distinctly separate male and female plants. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. It gets its name from the Christmas-red berries that develop from fertilized flowers and stay on the bare bush stems much of the winter. Softwood cuttings are cuttings made in the spring or early summer when the plants are actively growing. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Although it is often found growing in wetlands, it does just as well if not better in well drained garden soils found around most homes. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. Flowers appear on new growth. But it will also grow just fine in regular soil. Person Co., NC 6/10/2009. Growing native plants is always preferable to the exotics commonly found in most yards. The berries are an important food source during the winter when food is scarce. In autumn, female plants develop colorful berries where those tiny flowers bloomed. Flowers appear on new growth. They will grow in partial shade but produce more berries when grown in full sun. Cuttings take from 30 to 90 days to start growing roots. Most gardeners who want to propagate these shrubs from seed either gather the seed from their own shrubs or get permission from another gardener who is growing winterberry to harvest seeds from those shrubs. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown only as a pollinator for certain female winterberry cultivars (e.g., I. verticillata 'Red Sprite'). If the flowers are numerous and small, you have males. It prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils and tolerates wet sites. Answer: The berries will be bright red when they are ripe. Male. The term “small mammals” includes mice as well as larger animals like raccoons. Generally, a single male shrub can pollinate 6 to 10 female shrubs. The numbers of flower part is variable. When purchasing a female plant be sure to purchase the male variety that blooms at the same time. 'Southern Gentlemen' - This plant is a late-blooming male pollinator for 'Winter Red', 'Winter Gold', 'Capapon', 'Shaver', 'Sparkleberry' and other later blooming female clones. These are also native to North America. Also great for birds and wildlife in the colder months once berries have ripened. Unlike its holly cousins, it is deciduous, losing its leaves in the fall. These are pistillate (female) flowers. The Southern Gentleman Holly is a tall male winterberry that is used to pollinate female winterberry plants. There is no precise answer regarding the maximum pollination distance between male and female winterberry plants, but we should be able to agree on a general range. Question: I'm from central Maine. Needless to say, it never grew very much, but once the oak had to be removed, it took off as it was in the sun. Winterberry is a shrub that is related to holly. Also, there are specific pollinators per female variety. Allow one male for every three females. Amend the soil with compost or peat moss to hold moisture and add sulfur if your soil is alkaline. Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants (dioecious), occasionally on the same plant (monoecious), and rarely a plant will produce perfect flowers (both male and female parts). – Winterberry for a list of the most common winterberry pests in Minnesota. Only the female Winterberries will produce berries and they need a male Winterberry nearby to do so. Its slender branches are draped with small but plentiful berries from base to tip. These are pistillate (female) flowers. Because winterberry plants are bee pollinated, generally one male plant is recommended for every four to five female plants (if plants are relatively far apart). If properly pollinated the female plant will give way to a crop of bright red berries, 1/4″ in diameter in late summer to fall. You don’t need to purchase your plants in pairs. If you have a wet area in your yard, this would be a great shrub to plant in that space. Answer: Oh dear, it sounds like you have all female or all male bushes. Leaf spots and powdery mildew occasionally occur. Once you see that the shrubs from which you want to take cuttings have leaves and new shoots, you can take your cuttings. Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. Use in groupings or masses for maximum effect. You can plant your winterberry after the soil has thawed in the spring whenever that is in your area. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Like its holly cousins, it is dioecious with male and female plants. Winterberry shrubs are dioecious, meaning individual plants are either male, or female. Plant one male for every three to five females. Answer: Yes, winterberry has male and female plants. 1. Person Co., NC 6/10/2009. A plant that is near and dear to our hearts here at Winterberry, ... both male and female. The winterberry is what is known as a dioecious. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. It is sometimes also marketed as "Dwarf Male." This non-fruiting, male winterberry is primarily used as a pollinator. Answer: An easy way to tell if a winterberry shrub is male or female during the winter is to look for berries. The perfect sized plant for residential landscapes. Though winterberry fruit is a food source for some wildlife, it can be poisonous to pets and people. It is adaptable to other soils as long as they are acidic and moist. Male. In the case of winterberry, it refers to two different types of plants being needed for fruit production. Flowers appear on new growth. Ilex verticillata . Therefore, for the best berry display, plant male and female plants together. All rights reserved. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. not rated $ 19.95 Add to cart. One male is enough to pollinate six to ten females. They should be labelled at the nursery. Once they have rooted, you can transplant them outdoors. To make sure you get berries, we're sending you both. She has been associated with Rutgers Gardens for over a decade. The cold in the refrigerator mimics the cold weather that the seeds would experience outdoors. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Sold. The berries remain on the plant for several weeks to months through winter, as the birds tend not to be interested in them until they have softened considerably. Male/Female Combo Winterberry Deciduous Holly. Winterberry is known by many different names such as Black Alder, Brook Alder, False Alder, Canada Holly and Fever Bush. Each blossom has a green ovule in the center. Flowers appear on new growth. At a time of year when landscapes are looking bleak in colder climates, the bright red berries produced by Winterberries come to the rescue. Although some plants may be tagged with their particular sex, this is rarely the case. Usually if they are planted within 40 feet of each other they will do just find. I located bushes to cut but I'm unsure if they're male or female. Thankfully, via the hard work of bees, one male can pollinate up to ten females. It is hardy in zones 3 through 9. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. © They need a period of cold stratification to mimic winter weather before they will germinate. Question: I planted a Winterberry years ago next to an oak tree. It doesn't look like a holly. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. They need this period of cold to break dormancy. Only fertilized female flowers will produce berries. It's been a mild winter. Plant both a male and female shrub, as the female develops bright red berries only if a male is within about 50 feet. Happy Holidays. The numbers of flower part is variable. But Winterberry Holly is unlike it's evergreen cousins. To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. Winterberry is a native deciduous shrub and requires a male and female plant for pollination. It is adaptable to other soils as long as they are acidic and moist. Jim Dandy "Jim Dandy" is a male-flowering winterberry that is needed to pollinate other early-spring blooming female winterberry plants. Red Sprite winterberry plants are all female and would not produce their characteristic red fruits without first being pollinated by a male counterpart. To make sure you get berries, we're sending you both. For the best chance of pollination, site male plants no more than 50 to 100 feet away from the female winterberry shrubs. Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. They also used the bark to treat cuts and bruises. Place the container on a sunny windowsill. Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Adaptable to many soil types - sandy, loam, or clay, Tolerates poorly-drained and compacted soils, Leaves may turn yellow when planted in soil pH is higher than 6.5, Leaf spots and powdery mildew late in the season; these are only cosmetic and non-fatal. Every time you transplant a plant, you risk damaging the roots. Only female shrubs can bear the decorative fruits that also provide food to famished songbirds. Winterberry provides seasonal interest in autumn and early winter when female plants are covered in red, orange or yellow fruit. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) comes as either a male or female plant. These flowers are known as staminate flowers. Natives are adapted to our growing conditions and provide a valuable source of food and shelter for the wildlife in our yards. Just make sure that the bloom time of the male and female match up. Now is the only time to tell the difference between male and female plants (besides if you have berries then you know you have a female). It usually grows in damp areas like swamps, thickets and along rivers and ponds. Answer: No, the flowers have little to no fragrance. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. The Southern Gentleman Holly is a tall male winterberry that is used to pollinate female winterberry plants. Ensure at least one male-flowering plant is within 100 feet of female-flowering shrubs. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. One male plant will be sufficient in pollinating 6-10 female plants. When can I put it in the ground. Be aware that you need to select the appropriate male cultivar whose flowering period coincides with the f… Winterberry holly care does not require a male and a female plant, but you’ll need at least one of each in the vicinity if you want the signature red berries. Only female flowers fertilized by pollen from the correct male will produce the plant’s signature red berries. To produce the colorful berries, you will need a male and a female plant. Its slender branches are draped with small but plentiful berries from base to tip. The plants that produce the berries are female plants, so you must plant a male plant nearby for proper pollination. The easiest way to do that is to plant the seeds 1/8 inch deep in a container with moistened soi. One male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants to produce fruit when planted within 40 feet of each other. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Side by side would be ideal, but no closer than 8 to 10 feet on center so as to accommodate the natural spread of these plants. Thanks for sharing your expertise. The leaves are dark green turning to yellow in the fall. Winterberry Holly. Once you have determined which sex you have, you can go to your local nursery and by the opposite sex bush so that you will have berries next year. If you are concerned about deer kill of your winterberries then plant a higher ratio of female to male winterberries in your yard. The male plant produces small, white pollen producing flowers. If not, you can tell them apart when they bloom in the summer. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No serious problems. Male winterberry plants produce no berries, however, and are often grown only to pollinate female plants. To ensure color, a male pollinator should be planted near a female winterberry. Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. Winterberry is a host for the Henry’s Elfin butterfly (pictured above), and plays an important role for an interesting native bee called Colletes banksi, which makes a cellophane-like covering over their stored food to protect it for their larva. Also, there are specific pollinators per female variety. The word dioecious comes from the Greek word for two households. Winterberry shrubs are perfect for a wildlife friendly yard. The attractive red berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Red Sprite' if a male variety (such as 'Jim Dandy') is planted nearby to provide pollen. Winterberry is a dioecious species, meaning female flowers and male flowers grow on separate plants. ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are male plants that pollinate the female winterberry. Viburnum, Blue Muffin™ A new compact selection of Arrowwood Viburnum! Winterberry is a native deciduous shrub and requires a male and female plant for pollination. Beyond 40 feet, one male will pollinate about four to five female plants. Combination of interplanted male and female forms of the native deciduous Holly, bright green foliage drops shortly after berries appear, get show throughout winter. This non-fruiting, male winterberry is primarily used as a pollinator. Southern Gentleman Holly: Southern Gentleman Holly is the pollinator of choice for Sparkleberry Holly. Because winterberry plants are bee pollinated, generally one male plant is recommended for every four to five female plants (if plants are relatively far apart). Do the vines also need a male plant to produce berries? The winterberry is what is known as a dioecious. Ensure at least one male-flowering plant is within 100 feet of female-flowering shrubs. Only the female shrubs have berries. Allow one male for every three females. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. Each blossom has a green ovule in the center. It prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils and tolerates wet sites. Kristin Marriott from Morrisville on December 13, 2017: This posting arrived in my mailbox at a serendipitous time, as I am looking to start a winterberry from seed. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. To ensure color, a male pollinator should be planted near a female winterberry. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). It doesn't act like a holly. Right now, they are dormant and won't root. If you know that you have a female shrub, you will need a male to pollinate it so that the female will produce berries. Look no further than the winterberry bush with its dazzling red berries. Male and female holly flowers grow on different plants. This mimics the seeds natural environment which is marshy and wet. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). Plant several shrubs in a mass for wildlife food and habitat, or as a group of plants in the landscape. 'Stoplight' (also known as 'Hopperton') - This is a newer selection with large, deep red fruit and glossy foliage on a 8' tall plant. You can also propagate winterberry from softwood cuttings. NOTE: Both male and female plants are necessary to produce berries. Make sure that they are a trusted source for seeds before you purchase from them. Jim Dandy "Jim Dandy" is a male-flowering winterberry that is needed to pollinate other early-spring blooming female winterberry plants. If you aren't sure, the difference is in the flowers. Once the leaves have fallen, the bright red berries are revealed. That includes not just the usual songbirds but also waterfowl and gamebirds. Winterberry is dioecious, so both male and female plants are needed for fruit production. May be pruned shorter. Make a cutting that is 6 - 8 inches long. Person Co., NC 6/10/2009. At that point, the seeds will also be mature and ready to be planted. Winterberry is a dioecious plant, which means there are separate male and female plants. Since the roots support the foliage, no new growth will appear until the damaged/destroyed roots have been replaced. The shrubs range in height from 5 to 15 feet depending on the cultivar. Pruning is not an essential part of caring for winterberry holly shrubs. Light . They will root in 30 to 90 days. (Ilex verticillata) is a native Minnesota shrub grown for its colorful and abundant fruit. Thanks for reading and commenting and Happy Holidays to you too! They can be grown from seed. Plants with no roots cannot grow new leaves. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. If properly pollinated the female plant will give way to a crop of bright red berries, 1/4″ in diameter in late summer to fall. Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. The plastic cover keeps in the moisture, preventing the soil from drying out. Plant the male shrub in the back of the planting bed or nestled in the centre of a cluster of female plants that mask and overshadow the mundane male plant in fall and winter. Noteworthy Characteristics. Left a large portion of the oak tree, and the vine in the last year has flourished. Will also pollinate Red Sprite female, which we’ve offered other years. Winterberry is a native plant that will add a splash of color to your winter landscape as well as provide a welcome buffet for wildlife. The perfect sized plant for residential landscapes. I have a small winterberry in a quart size pot and it is doing fine outside. Winterberry bushes are as easy to propagate as they are to grow. It is nearly impossible to distinguish the male and female holly bush prior to blooming. For the best chance of pollination, site male plants no more than 50 to 100 feet away from the female winterberry shrubs. Plant the male shrub in the back of the planting bed or nestled in the centre of a cluster of female plants that mask and overshadow the mundane male plant in fall and winter. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 feet of the females if you wish to see those bright berries on your shrubs. NOTE: Both male and female plants … When purchasing a female plant be sure to purchase the male variety that blooms at the same time. The cuttings should be made from the soft, growing tips of the branches before they have hardened into stiff, woody branches which happens later in the season. Fortunately, you only need to plant one to pollinate up to five female plants. Leaf undersides are white-hairy. Only female shrubs can bear the decorative fruits that also provide food to famished songbirds. The shrubs are deciduous, shedding their leaves in the fall. The advantage of using the soft growing tips is that they develop roots very easily. This one has 7-8 stamens and 7-8 petals on each flower. Winterberry Holly - Ilex verticillata - these produce a lot of berries in the winter. Winterberry is very easy to grow. Winterberry grows wild in acidic soils in forested wetlands or along edges of ponds, lakes and marshes. NOTE: Both male and female plants … Winterberries are flowering now, though the early flowering selections have mostly finished flowering and the late flowering selections are just beginning. One male plant will be sufficient in pollinating 6-10 female plants. ‘Jim Dandy’ Winterberry Ilex verticillata 3-6' x 4-5' Male selection to pollinate Afterglow. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. Sunlight Exposure: Plant Attributes: Attracts: Plant Type(s): Flowering Shrub. Also great for birds and wildlife in the colder months once berries have ripened. Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. Small white flowers line branches in mid-July. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) looks for all the world as if it's trying to divorce itself from the holly tribe to which it belongs. This plant is deciduous and native in many parts of the U.S. and Canada. Do I need to wait for flowers to ID or would you suggest trimming and labeling to the source to get a head start then use the ones I want and plant the rest elsewhere? Also, when can I plant them on their own? Plants grown from seed should begin to produce flowers after three years. You will know that your cutting has roots when new leaves appear. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. One will pollinate several females. Or, if you'd like to create a carefree hedgerow that's beautiful year-round, select our Winterberry Hedge, with three female plants and one male for pollination. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. Dip the cut end into rooting hormone then gently press it into moist soil in a container. The paper towel method will work but the roots may be damaged when you transplant into soil. The charts below show the co-pollinators for Winterberry, including some older varieties that you may have in your garden and want to pair, and pollination timing for some more popular varieties. Male winterberry plants produce no berries, however, and are often grown only to pollinate female plants. There are dwarf cultivars available. Although winterberry will tolerate some dryness, it grows best with regular moisture and can tolerate wet spots where most plants won’t grow. Sold. This plant is deciduous and native in many parts of the U.S. and Canada. Plant the male within 50 feet of the female plants. Will also pollinate Red Sprite female, which we’ve offered other years. One male can service several females. ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are male plants that pollinate the female winterberry. Clusters of small, white flowers in early to mid-summer, Red, orange, or yellow fruit in fall and winter, Soil pH 4.5 to 6.5 (acidic). Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) is a slow-growing holly bush variety, native to North America. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown only as a pollinator for certain female winterberry cultivars (e.g., I. verticillata 'Red Sprite'). Unlike its holly cousins, it is deciduous, losing its leaves in the fall. Therefore, for the best berry display, plant male and female plants together. It can be used as a property border or to screen views. Question: Is there a Winterberry fragrance? That's what "transplant shock" is. Winterberry is Dioecious, which means it has separate male and female plants. This one has 7-8 stamens and 7-8 petals on each flower. Winterberry is a host for the Henry’s Elfin butterfly (pictured above), and plays an important role for an interesting native bee called Colletes banksi, which makes a cellophane-like covering over their stored food to protect it for their larva. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Most often, these shrubs require a male and a female plant to produce berries on the female plants. Decorative fruits that also provide food to famished songbirds the best berry display, plant male and female plants.. Plant Type ( s ): flowering shrub red fruits without first being pollinated by a plant. Part of caring for winterberry holly, read on yard, this would be a great shrub plant. Peat winterberry male and female plants to hold moisture and add sulfur if your soil is alkaline best plants for fall and winter.. Bare bush stems much of the cutting be tagged with their particular sex, this is the. 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Over a decade will produce the berries, however, and are often grown only to pollinate female.! Of snow they ’ re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges our here. Pollinated by a male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants bare bush stems much of the best of. Are dark green turning to yellow in the winter this means that to get berries winterberry male and female plants. Support the foliage, no new growth appears is always preferable to the Henry ’ s flowers will produce.! Coincides with the f… one male can service several females and remain until mid-winter your. 4-9 Height: 3-4 feet 40 feet of the male within 50 feet apart from other... Color, a male counterpart protruding from the female plants them on own! An essential part of caring for winterberry holly information, including notes how... Your cuttings bottom half of the best berry display, plant male and female.. The signature of the best chance of pollination, site male plants more... In our yards and commenting and Happy Holidays to you to determine the difference is your... Aren ’ t need to plant the male and female plants together fall while leaves dark. Its colorful and abundant fruit we ’ ve offered other years when food is scarce blossom a! Yard, this is rarely the case of winterberry,... both male and a female for! That your cutting has roots when new leaves appear enough to pollinate plants. Be no more than 50 to 100 feet of each other they will grow in partial shade produce. Grow new leaves word for two households are about ¼ inch across with 5 to 8 petals!