Tunisia was classified 14th on the Paralympics medal table and 5th in Athletics. [135], On 29 and 30 November 2016, Tunisia held an investment conference Tunisia2020 to attract $30 billion in investment projects. [54] International Religious Freedom Report for 2007 estimates thousands of Tunisian Muslims have converted to Christianity. (Reuters/Amine Ben Aziza) Reuters Wednesday 25 November 2020 SENEGAL. [138], Sources of electricity production in Tunisia[139], The majority of the electricity used in Tunisia is produced locally, by state-owned company STEG (Société Tunisienne de l'Electricité et du Gaz). [152] According to another source the population of Arabs is estimated to be <40%[153] to 98%,[126][154][155] and that of Berbers at 1%[156] to over 60%. The city that will consist of apartment buildings as well as several sports facilities will be built by the Bukhatir Group at a cost of $5 Billion. [165][166], French also plays a major role in Tunisian society, despite having no official status. [192] The life expectancy at birth was 75.73 years in 2016, or 73.72 years for males and 77.78 years for females. Sahel and Esperance S.Tunis dominating. She finished the competition with 19 medals; 9 golds, 5 silvers and 5 bronzes. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. It was founded in 1949 and brings together French and Tunisian Muslims, Christians and Jews. services in the Middle East and North Africa. Abulafia, "The Norman Kingdom of Africa", 27. The railway network is operated by SNCFT and amounts to 2,135 kilometres (1,327 mi) in total. In 2014 Tunisian American creative nonfiction scribe and translator Med-Ali Mekki who wrote many books, not for publication but just for his own private reading translated the new Constitution of the Tunisian Republic from Arabic to English for the first time in Tunisian bibliographical history, the book was published worldwide the following year and it was the Internet's most viewed and downloaded Tunisian book. Tunisian president Beji Caid Essebsi renewed the state of emergency in October for three more months. We advise Irish citizens to avoid demonstrations or public gatherings. The birth of Tunisian contemporary painting is strongly linked to the School of Tunis, established by a group of artists from Tunisia united by the desire to incorporate native themes and rejecting the influence of Orientalist colonial painting. There are 29 airports in Tunisia, with Tunis Carthage International Airport and Djerba–Zarzis International Airport being the most important ones. public entity under the Ministry of Agriculture. The proportion of speakers of Berber dialects was at 2% of the population. From 1942–1943, Tunisia was the scene of the Tunisia Campaign, a series of battles between the Axis and Allied forces. It is therefore important to monitor developments regularly and to follow the advice of local authorities. Its east–west extent is limited. [87], On 3 March 2011, the interim president announced that elections to a Constituent Assembly would be held on 24 July 2011. (SONEDE), a national water supply authority that is an autonomous As for literature in French, it is characterized by its critical approach. Pedestrians should also be extremely careful, particularly when crossing roads and regardless of whether there is a signal allowing pedestrians to cross – drivers don’t always stop. Before travelling, the Department strongly recommends that you obtain comprehensive travel insurance which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. Initially under Turkish rule from Algiers, soon the Ottoman Porte appointed directly for Tunis a governor called the Pasha supported by janissary forces. [citation needed], The national bibliography lists 1249 non-school books published in 2002 in Tunisia, with 885 titles in Arabic. The multiannual planning translates into Annual Action Programmes. The Hussein dynasty of Beys, established in 1705, lasted until 1957. The economy, mainly during the Empire, boomed: the prosperity of the area depended on agriculture. [42] This mosque is the oldest and most prestigious sanctuary in the Muslim West with the oldest standing minaret in the world;[43] it is also considered a masterpiece of Islamic art and architecture. Immeuble RAPHAEL 2ème étage (2nd Floor) [64] 20 March is celebrated annually as Tunisian Independence Day. The EU Member States have, however, adopted the list according to their evaluations, some of them not opening the borders at all. [79] In 2008, in terms of Press freedom, Tunisia was ranked 143rd out of 173.[80]. Ennahda's stance on the issue was criticized by hardline Islamists, who wanted strict sharia, but was welcomed by secular parties. Ireland House Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin. Before Tunisia, the territory's name was Ifriqiya or Africa, which gave the present-day name of the continent Africa. It is obligatory to declare sums greater than the value of 5,000 Tunisian Dinars. From the conclusion of the Second Punic War in 202 BC, Carthage functioned as a client state of the Roman Republic for another 50 years.[38]. As for poetry, Tunisian poetry typically opts for nonconformity and innovation with poets such as Aboul-Qacem Echebbi. On 7 November 2006, President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali announced the demerger of the business, which became effective on 31 August 2007. SAUDI ARABIA. [185] Mosques were restricted from holding communal prayers or classes. [108] The Code of Personal Status remains one of the most progressive civil codes in North Africa and the Muslim world. [157], An Ottoman influence has been particularly significant in forming the Turco-Tunisian community. Tunisia is in an active seismic zone and earth tremors do occur. The history of the Jews in Tunisia goes back some 2,000 years. Before travelling to Tunisia you should ensure to take out a comprehensive travel insurance policy which will cover all overseas medical costs, including medical repatriation/evacuation, repatriation of remains and legal costs. Given its doctrine, some members have therefore turned to the sources of aesthetic Arab-Muslim art: such as miniature Islamic architecture, etc. As of 2011[update], access to When a huge fishing boat of 450 Tunisians pulled into port in the Sicilian island of Lampedusa on Aug. 30, some residents took to the docks to protest, shouting at them to go back. (Algeria, Montenegro, Morocco, and … Under its Turkish governors, the Beys, Tunisia attained virtual independence. "The Nobel Peace Prize 2015". However, the Turks brought with them the teaching of the Hanafi School during the Ottoman rule, which still survives among the Turkish descended families today, and their mosques traditionally have octagonal minarets. [45], The Arab governors of Tunis founded the Aghlabid dynasty, which ruled Tunisia, Tripolitania and eastern Algeria from 800 to 909. A Ministry of Culture was established, under the leadership of ministers such as Habib Boularès who oversaw art and education and power. In the 19th century, the rulers of Tunisia became aware of the ongoing efforts at political and social reform in the Ottoman capital. It has been renewed periodically, and currently remains in place.On 6 March 2020 a suicide bomber targeted a police patrol in the district near the US embassy in Tunis. Tunisia's population was 11.7 million in 2019. The premier football league is the "Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1". As further attacks or attempted attacks are likely, we advise Irish citizens to exercise vigilance and a strong level of security awareness. [76], Independent human rights groups, such as Amnesty International, Freedom House, and Protection International, documented that basic human and political rights were not respected. However, the latest decision will exclude a large number of persons and countries, SchengenVisaInfo.com reports. A series of salt lakes, known as chotts or shatts, lie in an east–west line at the northern edge of the Sahara, extending from the Gulf of Gabes into Algeria. This week, several news outlets reported that EU officials have confirmed that Canada, Georgia, and Tunisia are set to be removed from the list, while Singapore will be added. Additional information on COVID-19 can be found via the following links: The best help is often close at hand, so try talking to your local contacts, tour operator representative or hotel management. Inland from the Sahel, between the Dorsal and a range of hills south of Gafsa, are the Steppes. [15], The word Tunisia is derived from Tunis; a central urban hub and the capital of modern-day Tunisia. [129], Tourism accounted for 7% of GDP and 370,000 jobs in 2009. It still finds itself hanging between inflation and unemployment while looking up to the 6 October elections with hope of a reform. We use cookies to give the best experience on our site while also complying with Data Protection requirements. Tunisia,[a] officially the Republic of Tunisia,[b][18] is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 square kilometres (63,170 square miles). The battle opened with initial success by the German and Italian forces, but the massive supply and numerical superiority of the Allies led to the Axis surrender on 13 May 1943. CAPE TOWN: Mali and Tunisia added their names to the list of countries qualified for the next Africa Cup of Nations finals on Tuesday, joining holders Algeria and 2019 runners-up … "[213], Coordinates: 34°N 9°E / 34°N 9°E / 34; 9. Continue without changing your settings, and you'll receive cookies, or change your cookie settings at any time. We advise Irish citizens in Tunisia to exercise a high degree of caution and a strong level of security awareness. ACP (CARIFORUM-EU EPA) SAMOA. [44], Tunis was taken in 695, re-taken by the Byzantine Eastern Romans in 697, but lost finally in 698. EU Leaves U.S. Off Its New List Of Approved Travel Partners : Coronavirus Updates The European Union won't allow U.S. travelers when it begins … If the result is positive, you will be required to self-isolate at a government quarantine centre, the costs of which must be covered by the passenger. After the revolution however, a moderate Islamist government was elected leading to more freedom in the practice of religion. [196] These galleries include Gallery Yahia in Tunis and Carthage Essaadi gallery. [98] The south of the country is desert. [143][144] As of 2015[update], Tunisia has abandoned these plans. [153], Amazighs are concentrated in the Dahar mountains and on the island of Djerba in the south-east and in the Khroumire mountainous region in the north-west. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. In essence, the media was dominated by state authorities through the Agence Tunis Afrique Presse. [91], In March 2012, Ennahda declared it will not support making sharia the main source of legislation in the new constitution, maintaining the secular nature of the state. ⏫ Select another country In the main coastal resorts the dress code if often similar to any European tourist area, but in the cities, at religious sites and in more rural areas dress codes are conservative. The following websites may also be useful: Tunisian Government information on COVID-19. According to Bulgaria’s Ministry of Health report, […] It has also made room for the rise of fundamentalist groups such as the Salafists, who call for a strict interpretation of Sharia law. Terrorists have carried out a number of attacks in recent years. [187], In 2017 a handful of men were arrested for eating in public during Ramadan; they were convicted of committing "a provocative act of public indecency" and sentenced to month-long jail sentences. It is recommended that before travelling you consult with your airline to establish what restrictions are being applied. Be vigilant and do not carry all of your important documents and valuables in one bag. While some older parties are well-established and can draw on previous party structures, many of the 100-plus parties extant as of February 2012 are small. [75] Ben Ali's son-in-law Sakher El Materi was rumoured as being primed to eventually take over the country. Embassy of Ireland In addition to the cultivations and the capture and transporting of exotic wild animals from the western mountains, the principal production and exports included the textiles, marble, wine, timber, livestock, pottery such as African Red Slip, and wool. Make sure to leave your name, mobile number, current location and the nature of the emergency, and an Embassy Duty Officer will return your call. European Union/Schengen Area: The European Council agreed on 17 March to ban incoming travel other than citizens from countries in the European Union, European Economic Area, Switzerland and United Kingdom, long-term residents and people with long-term visa or residence permits, family members of EU and EEA citizens, medical personnel and people responsible for transport of goods … [121] United Nations peacekeeping deployments for the Tunisian armed forces have been in Cambodia (UNTAC), Namibia (UNTAG), Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Western Sahara (MINURSO) and the 1960s mission in the Congo, ONUC. Homosexuality is a criminal offence and sexual relations outside marriage are also punishable by law. Tunisia ranked 17th in the category of "quality of the [higher] educational system" and 21st in the category of "quality of primary education" in The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–9, released by The World Economic Forum. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. You will find the list of high-risk countries in the EU, the Schengen area as well as the United Kingdom at the bottom of the page: Is my country/region open, banned or high-risk? [57] This evolution of status was from time to time challenged without success by Algiers. Following an explosion in central Tunis on 24th November 2015, a state-of-emergency was imposed. Tunisia experiences frequent demonstrations and protests. [116], In 2017, Tunisia became the first Arab country to outlaw domestic violence against women, which was previously not a crime. areas and 90% in rural areas. No preferential arrangements applicable. Tunisia was suspended from Davis Cup play for the year 2014, because the Tunisian Tennis Federation was found to have ordered Malek Jaziri not to compete against an Israeli tennis player, Amir Weintraub. If you’re allowing your passport to be photocopied, keep it in your sight at all times. The people of Carthage worshipped a pantheon of Middle Eastern gods including Baal and Tanit. Numerous civilizations and peoples have invaded, migrated to, or have been assimilated into the population over the millennia, with influences of population from Phoenicians/Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Spaniards, Ottoman Turks and Janissaries, and French. Fax: +34 91 435 1677, Mr. Moncef Mzabi Tunisia's borders with Libya and Algeria are open but the security situation is very tense. [41], Sometime between the second half of the 7th century and the early part of the 8th century, Arab Muslim conquest occurred in the region. The majority of EIB lending is attributed to projects in EU Member States (about 90% of the total volume) supporting the continued development and integration of the Union. The settlers of Carthage brought their culture and religion from Phoenicia, now present-day Lebanon and adjacent areas.[37]. Close relations with Europe, particularly with France[19] and with Italy,[20][21] have been forged through economic cooperation, privatization, and industrial modernization. The Dorsal, the eastern extension of the Atlas Mountains, runs across Tunisia in a northeasterly direction from the Algerian border in the west to the Cape Bon peninsula in the east. [126] The bulk of Tunisians belong to the Maliki School of Sunni Islam and their mosques are easily recognizable by square minarets. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel–Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. All persons in Tunisia must wear a face mask in public places and workplaces. If you are in Tunis, you should avoid the Berges du Lac area, where the US Embassy and other diplomatic missions are located. Tunisia was the first Mediterranean country to sign an Association Agreement with the European Union, in July 1995, although even before the date of entry came into force, Tunisia started dismantling tariffs on bilateral EU trade. You should follow the instructions given by local security authorities and/or your tour operator. Tunisia experiences frequent dust and sand storms. Growth in private sector radio and television broadcasting has seen the creation of numerous operations including Radio Mosaique FM, Jawhara FM, Zaytuna FM, Hannibal TV, Ettounsiya TV, and Nessma TV. Under the Ottoman Empire, the boundaries of Tunisia contracted; it lost territory to the west (Constantine) and to the east (Tripoli). [62][63], Tunisia achieved independence from France on 20 March 1956 with Habib Bourguiba as Prime Minister. [93], In 2014, President Moncef Marzouki established Tunisia's Truth and Dignity Commission, as a key part of creating a national reconciliation. Although Tunisia managed an average 5% growth over the last decade it continues to suffer from a high unemployment especially among youth. Following the Battle of Carthage which began in 149 BC during the Third Punic War, Carthage was conquered by Rome in 146 BC. In 1930 "The Rachidia" was founded well known thanks to artists from the Jewish community. Tunisia is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Northwest Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. You should be aware of your actions and take care not to offend other cultures or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or other religious festivals, or if you intend to visit religious sites. [48] Consequently, the region underwent rapid urbanisation as famines depopulated the countryside and industry shifted from agriculture to manufactures. You should check any exclusions and, in particular, that your policy covers you for the activities you want to undertake. [114] According to 2013 survey by the Pew Research Center, 94% of Tunisians believe that homosexuality should not be accepted by society. Travellers to Tunisia are required to complete online the Tunisian government’s passenger questionnaire, including information on where you will self-isolate, and download E7mi, the official Tunisian government contact tracing application on your smartphone. [201] In 2006 this figure had increased to 1,500 and 1,700 in 2007. One-third of the Jewish population lives in and around the capital. Farming methods reached the Nile Valley from the Fertile Crescent region about 5000 BC, and spread to the Maghreb by about 4000 BC. Russell", "Saladin and the Ayyubid Campaigns in the Maghrib", "Amnesty International censures Tunisia over human right", "BBC News | OBITUARIES | Habib Bourguiba: Father of Tunisia", "Tunisians hail fall of ex-leader's corrupt family", "Tunisie: comment s'enrichit le clan Ben Ali? Check with your doctor at least 8 weeks in advance of travelling to see what vaccinations you need for Tunisia. Pierre Boucherle was its main instigator, along with Yahia Turki, Abdelaziz Gorgi, Moses Levy, Ammar Farhat, and Jules Lellouche. Can you visit from outside Europe? After the series of wars with Greek city-states of Sicily in the 5th century BC, Carthage rose to power and eventually became the dominant civilization in the Western Mediterranean. [46] Tunisia flourished under Arab rule when extensive systems were constructed to supply towns with water for household use and irrigation that promoted agriculture (especially olive production). Prisons are crowded and drug offenders represent nearly a third of the prison population. [158] By 1870 the distinction between the Arabic-speaking mass and the Turkish elite had blurred. Differences in Tunisia, like the rest of the Maghreb, are largely north–south environmental differences defined by sharply decreasing rainfall southward from any point. areas are the responsibility of the Direction Générale du Génie Rurale (DGGR). Contrary to the pessimism of Albert Memmi, who predicted that Tunisian literature was sentenced to die young,[200] a high number of Tunisian writers are abroad including Abdelwahab Meddeb, Bakri Tahar, Mustapha Tlili, Hele Beji, or Mellah Fawzi. [195] Artists gained international recognition such as Hatem El Mekki or Zoubeir Turki and influenced a generation of new young painters. Five airlines are headquartered in Tunisia: Tunisair, Syphax airlines, Karthago Airlines, Nouvelair, and Tunisair Express. [191], While children generally acquire Tunisian Arabic at home, when they enter school at age 6, they are taught to read and write in Standard Arabic. In 2005, Tunisia came fourth. From November 16th, all travellers aged 12 and over arriving in Tunisia will be required to present evidence of a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to their arrival. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east. [105][106], Tunisia is included in the European Union's European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer. [183], The constitution declares Islam as the official state religion and requires the President to be Muslim. The Tunisians won the 2018 African Cup in Gabon by defeating Egypt.[210]. [137], Among Tunisia's tourist attractions are its cosmopolitan capital city of Tunis, the ancient ruins of Carthage, the Muslim and Jewish quarters of Jerba, and coastal resorts outside of Monastir. Silvia Colombo, Hamza Meddeb WHAT KIND OF FUTURE FOR THE EU-TUNISIA DCFTA? Ever since, the list has been the same consisting of Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, China, subject to confirmation of reciprocity. [188], The total adult literacy rate in 2008 was 78%[189] and this rate goes up to 97.3% when considering only people from 15 to 24 years old. Some countries do not allow electronic devices, larger than smartphones, to be carried in the cabins of aircrafts flying from Tunisia. And you can contact the Honorary Consulate in Tunis or the Irish Embassy in Madrid if you need help. The European Parliament and the EU member states are expected to … If you’re a victim of a crime while in Tunisia, report it to the local police immediately. It is advisable to dress modestly outside of the coastal resorts. There is a risk of kidnap from terrorists operating in the south of Tunisia, close to the border with Algeria. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. [103], Rare for the Arab world, women held more than 20% of seats in the country's pre-revolution bicameral parliament. Everyone is asked to comply with restrictions within Ireland, including those under the National Framework for Living with COVID-19. Persians went to the West and intermarried with the Gaetulians and became the Numidians. At the beginning of the 20th century, musical activity was dominated by the liturgical repertoire associated with different religious brotherhoods and secular repertoire which consisted of instrumental pieces and songs in different Andalusian forms and styles of origins, essentially borrowing characteristics of musical language. Border crossing points can be temporarily closed without notice. [117] According to Human Rights Watch, 47% of Tunisian women have been subject to domestic violence.[118][119]. Among the literary figures include Ali Douagi, who has produced more than 150 radio stories, over 500 poems and folk songs and nearly 15 plays,[199] Khraief Bashir, an Arabic novelist who published many notable books in the 1930s and which caused a scandal because the dialogues were written in Tunisian dialect,[199] and others such as Moncef Ghachem, Mohamed Salah Ben Mrad, or Mahmoud Messadi. [39] Following its conquest, the Romans renamed Carthage to Africa, incorporating it as a province. Individual Tunisians are tolerant of religious freedom and generally do not inquire about a person's personal beliefs. [108], A Code of Personal Status was adopted shortly after independence in 1956, which, among other things, gave women full legal status (allowing them to run and own businesses, have bank accounts, and seek passports under their own authority). Established with several Christian Mediterranean states and Carthage Essaadi Gallery decided to send a strong level security. 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