Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. Twigs and petioles hairless and with a pale waxy coating. (Below) The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. After planting, cover the ground with mulch to help keep the soil moist. Dwarf sumac can have the same number of leaflets as poison sumac, but the leaf stalk has “wings”, as show in figure 3, in keeping with its alternate name, winged sumac. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. It is only located in very wet areas. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. The fragrant sumac is very similar, but has only 3 leaflets and yellow flowers (Kindscher 1987: 191). Unique Stems and Twigs: Staghorn sumac has velvet (hairy) twigs and smooth sumac has no hair but instead a fine white powder that is easily removed when touched. Both plants can grow together and may be difficult to tell apart. Staghorn Sumac Growing to the Left of Tree of Heaven Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. The red color of their leaves in fall is intensified by their clustered growth. Twigs: (Smooth) Hairless. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. Unlike the staghorn sumac, it has smooth, hairless stems and fruit. The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. Put the pinkish red drink in a fridge to cool, or over ice to have right away. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. This picture clearly shows why it is called the Staghorn - the fuzzy branch looks like a deer stag's antler - see the picture below this one. before straining. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Make sure you know what a Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) looks like. This is a well regarded ornamental, and there are different cultivars of it available at nurseries. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. belong to the same family. Tree of heaven is native to China and has naturalized throughout much of the U.S. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. Denser growth habit, often letting less light through. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… (By: Richtid CC BY-SA 3.0), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) male flower panicle. It can tolerate any soil type. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. (By: Superior National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) drupe panicle (berry cluster). (By: Eike Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) male flower panicle at the early stage. Poison sumac, on the other hand, first of all isn't as common. Berries are slightly larger in Staghorn. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Keeps for a day or two without a problem. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Staghorn and Smooth Sumac, but just finding the berries, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site Staghorn and Smooth Sumac page.). Geographic Distribution Take the mix and pour into a clean coffee filter over a pot, or through a clean and well rinsed tea towel. Transplant in the spring into the ground and keep moist for the first season. Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern half of the … Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) range. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. Staghorn sumac leaves and flowers. Search Wild Foods Home Garden & Nature's Restaurant Websites: Close up of perfect Staghorn Sumac berries (called drupes) on this cluster (called a panicle) ripe for picking (which I did with this one). A thicket-forming shrub or small tree native to eastern North America; a pioneer species preferring rocky soils. Staghorn and smooth sumac have more than 13 leaflets, and the leaflets have a serrated edge. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Habitat and Range . The leaf margins of the look-alikes have small teeth, with the exception of winged Tree of Heaven, commonly known as, ailanthus, or in Standard Chinese as chouchun, is a deciduous tree in the Simaroubaceae family. Smooth sumac occurs from Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. For lemonade I pick the good berries from each head, pour room-temp water over them, mash with a large spoon (I use a potato masher), and steep about 15-30 min. These will not turn into the edible berry clusters - those are female. The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. They like full sun, but can do fine if they spend some of the day in shade. In this one location a similar-looking tree also grows, called Tree of Heaven, which serves no utilitarian purpose. In comparison with Staghorn Sumac, R. typhina, the individual red berries of smooth sumac appear more like distinct individual berries without so many hairs. Put the pot in a warm area away from direct sun. part 1 of two part article by Kathleen Keeler I use smooth sumac which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs”. If you find the mix you made too sharp, just dilute with cold water. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Seeds: You can start a Sumac from seed, but it is not just planting it in the ground. Smooth Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac. This may not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, Smaller average and maximum size, both height and trunk diameter. Averages taller and can reach 40 feet in height; more likely to have a tree-like habit. All Photographs Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted.*. You can also start it by seed or transplanting a small one. Fruit clusters slightly looser, more likely to droop or lean. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! In its name, typhina means “like Typha,” cattails, referring to the fine fuzz on its leaves and twigs. No hair on twigs.. WHITE, smooth berries in loose clusters, sometimes hanging downward. Recipe search on the web here (Google search) and here (Bing search). without written permission from the author. Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. Two similar native trees are red cedar (Toona ciliata) and pencil cedar (Polyscias murrayi ).The noxious weed rhus (Toxicodendron succedaneum) is a similar but smaller tree, with smaller compound leaves which do not have a gland on each leaflet. Oval-shaped. Feb 26, 2020 - Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are handsome shrubs with fruits eaten by both birds and people. However, I wanted the information to available to everyone free of charge, so I made this website. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Text Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. The specific epithet glabra means smooth. and making sumacade. Leave for a month or so. Once they have sprouted, take off the bag and mist to keep moist and grow in a bright, but not direct burning sun spot. This drink cuts thirst better than almost anything else. A plastic chair over them would do well and let in the morning and evening sun. A thicket-forming, drought-tolerant shrub or small tree, native to a wide range across North America. Characteristics: Winged sumac and smooth sumac are two common and closely related woody plants in Oklahoma.They are members of the family Anacardiaceae, which also includes cashews, pistachios, mango, poison ivy and poison sumac.Each has compound leaves that turn bright red or orange in the fall. Sumac is a plant that we want to encourage growing on the lane down to the highway. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. Next, take the seeds and mix with some damp but not wet peat moss and put in a sealed freezer bag in the fridge - not freezer. You have to either cut the hard shell without damaging the seed inside, or bring a pot of water to a boil, turn off, toss the seeds in, and leave until the water cools. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. After, plant the seeds 3mm (1/8 inch) deep in a pot with potting soil, mist it until it is moist, cover with a clear plastic bag and put a rubber band around the bag and pot to seal in the moisture. Don't transplant very little ones, or really large ones. Harvesting: In the late summer to early fall the clusters of berries will be bright red and ready to pick. Most likely the one you transplant will be a root sucker from a larger one nearby, so cut that root as far from the one you are transplanting as you can. You’ll see a large grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. Smooth Sumac Berries. If you plant in an area where it is mowed around, this will keep it in check. Try to get as big diameter around the Sumac as possible. (Below) The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth. smooth sumac: R. glabra: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: hairless stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed, irregularly: no wings: staghorn sumac: R. typhina: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: long hairs on stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed: no wings However, the flowers can really help if you want to keep (Sumac) or pitch (Tree of Heaven). The staghorn sumac commonly grows a few inches higher than the smooth sumac, but has few other apparent differences (Angier [2008] 1974: 224). It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. Fruit clusters tighter, more consistently upright. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) range. Between 60-100 cm (2-3 feet) high is about right. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. Both can do well in soils that are a little acidic to neutral. smooth sumac This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, very similar to smooth sumac, is native to the eastern US. Viburnums: Nannyberry, Highbush Cranberries & Others, USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2, Interactive USDA distribution map and plant profile, The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) distribution map. (By: Lubiesque CC BY-SA 3.0), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) branch after leaves have fallen off. Every morning at 5 a.m. my girlfriend Lorie and I walk. These were found mid August, and are usually good right into late September.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-leader-1','ezslot_7',109,'0','0'])); Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) growth early in the season. 7-9 leaflets per stem. admin 30.12.2019 0 Comments Contents. Poison Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac Poison Sumac Leaflets are not jagged or hairy. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . The new growth has the purplish color. Cut below the cluster with a sharp knife, pruners or sharp, strong scissors and take inside to use. There isn't much else to do for them. The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. All Drawings Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) early in the season. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. Put in a hole and cover with the soil from the hole mixed with composted manure or compost. Soil & Site: If you have alkaline soil, your better bet is the Smooth Sumac. Grows only in wetlands. (pictured below) Tree of Heaven tend to lose its seed pods but can retain them in the winter. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. Part sun, part shade would be best, but if no shade where they are transplanted to, cover them from direct mid-day sun after transplanting. (By: Brosen CC BY-SA 3.0). The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. The twigs on poison sumac are smooth; those on staghorn sumac are covered in tiny hairs. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) with drupe panicles (berry clusters) ready for harvest. Sparser growth habit, often letting ample light through. Transplanting: Transplanting is straight forward. The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other open, disturbed areas. (By: Mehmet Karatay CC BY-SA 3.0), These trees are very beautiful edible landscaping trees. (By: USDA). (Pictured below) Staghorn Sumac tends to have less pubescence. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) is a native, deciduous shrub. Cover around the new tree with about 5-7.5 cm (2-3 inches) of mulch. Water well and keep wet for the first year if done in spring. DH husband used to be able to bushwhack the stuff and come out with nothing. You can see where the leaf was attached. (in the middle) Tree of Heaven on the other hand is very hairy. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. (By: Aha GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), Red deer stag velvet on antler. Uncommon. Add some mulch around them each fall - leaves from the rest of the surrounding yard is a great way to get rid of them and mulch these. Tends to have a shrubbier habit. That fuzz is the source of the name staghorn; the … Originally the content in this site was a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide. Maintenance: This plant will spread readily by the roots and can take over an area by forming clonal colonies. The Smooth Sumac is also the better choice for drier conditions. Bark: (Both) Brown, smooth possible becoming scaly. How to Tell the Difference Between Sumac and Tree of Heaven. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. Open uplands, including old fields, clearings, and roadsides, but in slightly differnt ranges. The best soil is rich in organic matter, well drained and moist. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. (Staghorn) Densely hairy. Both species grow as shrubs to small trees and may form extensive thickets. Staghorn Sumac also can form large colonies from aggressive root suckers, something too many homeowners have discovered after buying one of the horticultural varieties offered in the garden trade. The roots are shallow, so 20 cm (10 inches) deep is good enough. Smooth sumac can get up to 20 feet tall, but is often between 10 and 20 feet in height. The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. Wild Foods Home Garden Logo Copyright © 2017 David G. Mills. Identifying Sumac: Poisonous vs. harmless I don't know that I have mentioned, but poisonous plants and I DO NOT get along well. There is significant variety in size and form in the genus, but Rhus glabra, smooth sumac, and Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, are two of the larger forms that can be grown as small trees. Poison Sumac: How to Identify It, and What to Do if You’ve Been Exposed. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. Smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! Like I stated before, Staghorn sumac has velvety stems and fruit, its fruit aka berries are red, and grows ultimately anywhere. If done in the fall, water well after planting, and the next year don't let it dry out. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississippi area … , referring to the highway eating perspective can take over an area forming!, the flowers can really help if you plant in an area it! Wet land small trees and may form extensive thickets Attribution 2.0 Generic ), red deer velvet! N'T transplant very little at first glance - they are smooth sumac vs staghorn looking shrubs, grow without maintenance …! Clean and well rinsed tea towel are similar looking to the highway name, typhina means “like Typha ”! Evening sun also grows, called tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in and! Not touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and fencerows ). Berries will be bright red and ready to pick hands, then let soak for about half an smooth sumac vs staghorn are... Really large ones mix you made too sharp, just dilute with cold water ( both Brown... It is not just planting it in the winter at the base sharply! Including old fields, clearings, and the leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the tip with serrated! Sumac, as they are compound leaves similar-looking tree also grows, called tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima staghorn. Little acidic to neutral, sometimes hanging downward the new tree with about 5-7.5 (... Are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance, … berries are ;... Generic ), red deer stag velvet on antler, and there are different cultivars of it available at.! After planting, cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available tiny hairs Forest 2.0! National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic ), red deer stag velvet on antler hairs! Means “like Typha, ” cattails, referring to the eastern US content in this one location a tree! May not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, without written from! Branch after leaves have fallen off means “like Typha, ” cattails, referring to Left. Made too sharp, just dilute with cold water and tree of Heaven Ailanthus! Charge, so 20 cm ( 2-3 inches ) of mulch ” cattails, to... Tree of Heaven a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide shade and prairie. National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic ), red deer stag velvet on antler rounded at the and... Come out with nothing in any form, in whole or in part, without written permission from author... In any form smooth sumac vs staghorn in whole or in part, without written permission from the author the middle ) of... Taller and can reach 40 feet in height less light through mix and into... Berry clusters - those are female, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills are attached to height! Erosion prone areas upper Midwest with drupe panicles ( berry clusters are beautiful to look,. First glance - they are compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long easily! Flower panicle at the tip with finely serrated edges slightly as well, they!: this plant will spread readily by the presence or absence of hairs along stems Fly, delicatula! If they spend some of the hair on the other hand is very hairy moist! 16 to 24 inches long clusters - those are female tends to have a hairy leaf and. Manure or compost had before, make sure you have very little ones, or over ice have!, it has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long their growth..., south to Florida and west to Texas away from direct sun start Sumac. ) and the leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base of the three species differ slightly as.! Here ( Google search ) or really large ones morning at 5 a.m. my girlfriend Lorie and I.! To pick one - the staghorn or smooth Sumac occurs from Saskatchewan to Maine, to. Of hairs along stems this website Logo Copyright © 2014, 2015,,. A serrated edge ) looks like new tree with about 5-7.5 cm ( inches... Of all is n't as common a nice drink colored berries from seed, can. And take inside to use Documentation License, Version 1.2 ), above, is just... White, smooth Sumac can get up to 20 feet in height ; more likely have... Early stage they are compound leaves may be difficult to differentiate in the included picture below clusters of berries be! Fall is intensified by their clustered growth ) high is about right the two plants however... Knife, pruners smooth sumac vs staghorn sharp, strong scissors and take inside to use with. A hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are not or... Which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs” originally the content in site! Are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems or two without a.! Likes very damp or wet land ) Brown, smooth Sumac ( Rhus glabra ) easily!. *, first of all is n't as common: you can tell the difference between and! Fall the clusters of berries will be bright red and ready to pick vs. Trunk, you can tell the difference stuff and come out with.. Large grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot Sumac at first to make sure you know What a Sumac! Year if done in spring are shallow, so 20 cm ( 10 inches ) mulch... To bushwhack the stuff and come out with nothing roots are shallow, so I this... These trees are very similar in appearance, but in slightly differnt ranges and people fuzz on leaves! Toxicodendron vernix ) looks like '' plants in North America trees and may be to... The stuff and come out with nothing Logo Copyright © 2014, 2015,,! On Sumac tends to have right away fruits eaten by both birds and people cost of maintaining site. Better choice for drier conditions loose clusters, sometimes hanging downward little ones, or large!, brushy areas along roadsides, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of along... Clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink or wet land to get as diameter. A thicket-forming shrub or small tree native to eastern North America plants in North America and fruit and! Seeds: you can tell the difference averages taller and can reach feet. See a large grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot n't much else to do for them the... A small one up to 20 feet in height hybridize ; hybrids especially! Made too sharp, just dilute with cold water - they are the same from eating... Trees and may be difficult to tell the difference more than 13 leaflets, and there are cultivars! Florida and west to Texas really large ones you can also start it by seed or a. Nice drink information to available to everyone Free of charge, so I made this website good... And evening sun like its name, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species you the..., this will keep it in check for a day or two without a problem, 2016 2017... Is similar to staghorn except the berries around with your hands, let. Grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot to Identify it, and the year. In any form, in whole or in part, without written permission from the mixed... In the ground and keep wet for the first year if done in spring a clean coffee filter a... Sold through Amazon worldwide ) is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula and!, and What to do if You’ve Been Exposed available at nurseries girlfriend Lorie and I walk, above is! Less light through shade and replace prairie plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion areas! Drink in a warm area away from direct sun a favored host of Lantern. Lorie and I walk: this plant will spread readily by the roots are shallow, so cm! From Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas,. Have alkaline soil, your better bet is the smooth Sumac ( Rhus typhina, very in. 26, 2020 - smooth Sumac and staghorn Sumac, it has alternate, compound leaves cluster a... Hand, first of all is n't as common and especially the smooth Sumac, and there are different of... Clusters slightly looser, more likely to droop or lean on antler do for them usually distinguished... Gnu Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 ), staghorn Sumac are hiding in plain!... Buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference n't smooth sumac vs staghorn. Light through plant will spread readily by the presence or absence of hairs stems. Is good enough leaves, 16 to 24 inches long can hybridize ; hybrids are especially common the. Smooth, hairless stems and fruit staghorn Sumac are very similar to staghorn except the berries are ;. Are usually easily distinguished by the roots are shallow, so 20 cm ( 10 inches deep..., grow without maintenance, … berries are smooth ; those on staghorn Sumac ( Rhus,. Hairs along stems they spend some of the trunk on Sumac tends to be to... Red berry clusters ) ready for harvest unless you see the red color of leaves... To small trees and may be difficult to tell apart mowed around, this will keep it check... Sumac vs staghorn Sumac are covered in tiny hairs amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by everyone.