Cherry lovers in Zone 4, you can consider all the varieties listed below. Both varieties were introduced by the University of Minnesota and possess excellent cold hardiness. Kristina considers it a point of pride that she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes. Zones 3 and 5 refer to USDA hardiness zones. 10.7. Symbols: see bottom of page . Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. There are many varieties of sweet and tart cherries that are self-fertile, so you can plant just one tree and still harvest fruit. Look out for: the stems of the leaves which have two yellow or red glands. Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. Luckily, we northern gardeners tend to be the stubborn type. Sour cherry trees (Prunus cerasus) are sometimes called pie or tart cherry trees because of the tangy fruit they produce. Amarelle varieties produce a lighter flesh and light to pink juice. Because of its hybrid genetics, the fruits from this tree are tart but also extremely sweet, creating a wonderfully complex and deep flavor. It was so popular in Europe that it was brought to Colonial America by English settlers. This small fruit has a very tart taste and is a type of tart cherry from the Amarelle cultivar. ‘Nanking’ can be purchased as a 1 to 2-foot bare root plant from Nature Hills. ‘English Morello’ produces juicy, dark red cherries with red flesh and a sour flavor, which can be enjoyed fresh, or turned into beautiful pies or jams. It is the earliest tart variety Van Well Nursery® grows, maturing five days before Danube® and a full week ahead of Montmorency. ‘Northstar’ and ‘Meteor’ are two of the best performing sour cherry varieties in Iowa. Loamy, well-drained, and sandy soils are all just fine by this cultivar, which will reach a mature height of 8-18 feet and a spread of 10-20 feet. ‘Early Richmond’ produces an abundant, early harvest of tart cherries with light red skins and juicy flesh, great for cooking, baking, and preserving – if you can manage to keep yourself from eating all of them straight off the tree. These zones refer to the average lowest temperatures that a region experiences in the winter. Like ‘Juliet,’ ‘Carmine Jewel’ is a dwarf hybrid tree created from the parentage of sour and Mongolian cherries. A heavy producer for its small size, ‘Carmine Jewel’ bears an early harvest of small, deep red cherries that are both tart and sweet. For cherry trees, we want to know what types of cold winter temperatures they will tolerate and survive. There’s more on USDA Hardiness zones in our article, right here: USDA Plant Hardiness Zones Have Changed: What You Need to Know. The extremely cold-tolerant ‘Juliet’ bears fruit in Zones 2-7 and is available from Nature Hills Nursery. Along with ‘Juliet’ and ‘Carmine Jewel,’ ‘Romeo’ is a result of the breeding efforts by the University of Saskatchewan to produce cold hardy sour cherries with a higher sugar content. While it will adapt to all soil types, if given the choice this heirloom prefers rich, well-draining, moist soil. An early producer, ‘Montmorency’ bears fruits that are large and bright red with yellow flesh and clear juice. The fruit is mainly used (and famous) for baking and preserves. They tend to be a red-orange colour when ripe, though some varieties are purple or darker red. A self-pollinator that requires well-drained soil, its small size means that it can be used as an ornamental shrub as well as a fruit-producer. It thrives in climates with cold winters and hot summers and can handle the occasional drought. Cherries are disease prone in poorly drained soils in … Compared to sweet cherries, sour cherry trees are smaller and more hardy to winter cold. I mean, in the sense of a website link. Be sure to plant more than one shrub – although ‘Nanking’ is self-pollinating, it often fails to set fruit without another nearby. ), you will have even more options. ‘Romeo’ dwarf trees are available as potted 2 to 4-year-old plants from Nature Hills. Trees range from 1.75 meters to 2.5 meters (5-8 feet) tall. Fertile. Juliet. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. This cultivar will flourish in Zones 3-8. This variety is hardy from zone 4 to 8, grows from 8 to 15 feet high with a 10- to 20-foot spread and is able to withstand colder temperatures better than other varieties. Instead, cherry trees came in one size only, and that size was "large." Are you feeling tempted by sweet ‘Juliet’ or enchanted by tart ‘Montmorency?’ Let us know in the comments which of these cultivars has your mouth watering – and your botanical interest piqued. Her work has appeared on numerous blogs, industry websites and media websites, including "USA Today.". Moderate to High. Morello varieties are bright to dark red and contain dark juices. Sour Cherry (standard) For Home Gardens. Harvest begins in July, though if the fruit is left to ripen and harvested later, it increases in sweetness. Rated hardy in Zones 3-7, ‘Romeo’ will yield a mid- to late summer harvest of up to 25 pounds of fruit at maturity. Normally too tart to eat raw, sour cherries are smaller than their sweet cousins and more globular in shape with softer flesh. Sour Cherry, Semi-dwarf on Mazzard . This variety is crack and spot resistant, growing from 10 to 15 feet high with a 10- to 14-foot span. Inhabitants of Zone 2 will want to choose one of the first three options. Sour cherry trees (Prunus cerasus) are also called pie or tart cherry trees because of the tangy fruit they produce.While you won’t eat them right off the tree, sour cherries are the perfect choice for cooking and baking. Using these zones as a reference makes it easy for plant growers to communicate with gardeners and farmers as to how cold hardy plants are. If this sounds like a dream come true, the multi-use ‘Nanking’ cherry may be the plant you’re looking for. It grows best in moist, rich soil as it requires more nitrogen and water than sweet cherries. While not quite as sweet as the sumptuous ‘Juliet,’ ‘Romeo’ nevertheless bears a very sweet tart cherry and is available from Nature Hills. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Some suckering can happen with some varieties. Recent variety of cherry of Italian origin. This sour cherry tree is adapted to Zones 4-8, will thrive in moist to well-drained soil, and is drought tolerant. Sour cherries vary in colour and size depending on variety. Well-suited to pruning, ‘English Morello’ has traditionally been the variety of choice for espaliering, and is available from Nature Hills Nursery. Although the name implies they are sour, most cherries get quite sweet if left to ripen in time and can be eaten fresh. This cultivar is available from the Arbor Day Foundation shop. So what are we cold-climate gardeners to do? The ideal planting location is a raised bed or berm to facilitate drainage. Cultivated to produce fruit in the colder areas of Canada, ‘Juliet’ is a dwarf cherry tree hybrid that combines the cold-hardiness of sour cherries (P. cerasus) with the higher sugar content – and small stature – of the Mongolian cherry (P. fruticosa). Sour cherries may also be divided into two groups, clear-juice or Amarelle types, represented by the Montmorency, and colored-juice or Morello types, represented by the English Morello. Grown in Europe since the 1700s, ‘English Morello’ is a self-fertile, naturally dwarf sour cherry tree that produces a late harvest of fruit in Zones 4-9. An ancient variety, ‘Early Richmond’ has been around since the 1500s. Native to the Northern Great Plains, ‘Western Sand’ cherry is a cold hardy shrub that will produce a heavy crop of dark fruit with a flavor reminiscent of plums. The bark of the tree is reddish-brown and shiny, with peeling horizontal strips. No need to fret we’ve got a list of the best sour cherry tree varieties. The tart cherry trees are smaller so they are easier to harvest, prune, and spray. If you’re a fan of all things sour, you might enjoy eating this fruit raw – the flesh is edible without cooking, but pits contain cyanide and should never be eaten. Cherry Trees Prunus spp. If an early to midsummer crop of fruit in Zone 2 isn’t enough, ‘Nanking’ also has ornamental value in its showy spring flowers, reddish brown bark, and golden fall color. The "dwarfing" size means it rarely gets taller than 6-7 feet. The Early Richmond cherry tree is a heavy producer that offers thin-skinned, bright red fruits that ripen earlier than most varieties. This category includes varieties or types of cherry tree varieties that mature between 12 and 19 days after Burlat. Meteor cherries are small to midsized, very sour and perfect for juices, pies and drying. With small pits, the fruits are excellent for all manner of culinary preparations. For Zones 2-4, let’s consider broadening our definition of “cherries.”. Large, meaty, tart, red-skinned fruit with red juice. Offering a prolific harvest in midsummer, this cultivar will grow to 6-8 feet tall at maturity with a 5 to 6-foot spread. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. See more information about the varieties and cultivars of Sour Cherry chevron_right. Self-fruitful. This hybrid, hardy in zones 3 to 8, is spot leaf resistant and early to fruit. Sour cherries, also known as tart or pie cherries, add exceptional flavor to pies, cakes, breads, jams, jellies and other recipes. The fruit is dark mahogany, juicy, and can be left to hang on the tree to develop additional sugar. What is a Zone 3? The past 50 years of breeding have combined cold hardiness, dwarf stature, and good fruit quality into the final product. ALL VARIETIES GO TO SUBGROUPS. Sour Cherries in Iran are referred to as Albaloo and are used in a variety of Persian recipes. Morello varieties are bright to dark red and contain dark juices. The branches spread upwards and have smooth twigs. All of the plants here are rated hardy for cold climates, so their chill requirements may prevent them from performing well in warmer areas. Cherry Trees are a great addition to any garden, especially fruiting cherry trees. Its sour pulp is edible. With nine different cold hardy varieties to choose from, it may be time to plan for a cold-climate cherry orchard including a selection of these diverse plants. There are early to late fruiting varieties with a show of blossoms that attract bees and other insects. But if you have a small garden and no space for a full sized tree, what can you do? Sweet Cherries. Moderate. Most tart cherry trees are self-pollinating, but if planted with another variety, they will produce larger harvests. Excellent Fruit. Here is more about what we do. Truly cold hardy, it’s an early bloomer with frost-tolerant flowers. USDA Zones 4-9. All Rights Reserved. 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