0000070391 00000 n Introduction and Distribution: Spodoptera litura is also known as the Oriental leafworm moth, Cluster caterpillar, Cotton leafworm, Tobacco cutworm, Tropical armyworm, Taro caterpillar, Tobacco budworm, Rice cutworm, and Cotton Cutworm. �U��!�툛����.��Y���Ȗ�r`�E�P�����$T}Q����b:�C]����� 0000213558 00000 n Larvae did … 0000019423 00000 n The present study evaluates the effect of five natural hosts (cabbage, maize, okra, alfalfa and sesbania) and an artificial diet on the biology of is an important polyphagous insect pest and information on its host plant relationship aspects is important for developing IPM approaches. litura is widely distributed across South and East Asia and Oceania. 0000004358 00000 n 0000003728 00000 n Fredon Corse, (2014) La noctuelle méditerranéenne. 0000222479 00000 n <]/Prev 474322/XRefStm 1912>> Understanding the molecular mechanisms of S. litura adaptation to its preferred host plants may help identify target genes useful for pest control. We identified a caterpillar-derived effector (HARP1) from oral secretion of cotton bollworm, a devastating agricultural pest. These representative cultivars are planted during summer, fall, and winter seasons in southern and west-central Brazil. h�bb2e`b``Ń3��n0 �{ Spodoptera littoralis, S. litura, S. frugiperda and S. eridania are important Noctuid pest species that are highly polyphagous. 0000019874 00000 n 0000245760 00000 n 0000029639 00000 n S. littoralis is present in the Palearctic region from Africa and Southern‐Europe, the Arabian peninsula into Iran. However, insects release effectors that disturb host plant defense responses for fitness. Larvae develop through six instars in 15-23 days at 25-26 °C. 0000014594 00000 n Fecundity is reduced by low humidity. Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) play a prominent role in the adaptation of insects to host plant chemical defenses. 0000008224 00000 n 0000263333 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000204713 00000 n We used high-throughput sequencing to characterize the expressio … endobj Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally [].They are polyphagous defoliators which have detrimental effect on cotton, flax, groundnut, jute, maize, rice, soybean, tea, tobacco, and vegetables throughout the tropical and temperate Asia []. 0000018542 00000 n stream This moth is found in Asia, with some specific problematic pest population reports occurring in Cambodia, Hong Kong, India, the Pacific islands, … 0000009859 00000 n ���V�-�]���vv�9�|C�8t ����uev~���ݍ�����zv���~�,��,���*����oD�.d}6`��*��[h7��#;]�(:��=��Y_Q����42@tӤK>��uh:ɣN'�e�����. 199 0 obj <> endobj In this study, the demography of S. litura reared on cabbage and taro was investigated using the age-stage, two-sex life table at 25±1°C, 60±10% relative humidity, and a photoperiod of 12: 12 (L:D) h. Pekinensis, Cucumis sativus, Ipomoea batatas, Arachis hypogaea and Capsicum frutescens. <> 0000204740 00000 n zy�C|:�(�J�������t���Y��D�U�o��wJNF:�n�J�Sw��g@t2{�����쑆vcuf���;���˞�a���ĿB��w�p�n���WьV��.��װ��?��{5{{����XH��7�9.<5}�������{ٿ�5���ˤS��G��9�>��t�#�%A�0N�t_`�, 0000178117 00000 n 0000019847 00000 n 0000205225 00000 n 0000026907 00000 n SPODOPTERA ERIDANIA AND SPODOPTERA COSMIOIDES COLONIES <> The rice-cotton cutworm (Spodoptera litura) is a polyphagous pest of over 100 different host plants. Plants emit a specific blend of volatiles in response to herbivory and these volatiles, which often attract predators and parasitoids function as an indirect plant defense. endobj 0000014265 00000 n Hosts include field crops grown for food and fibre, plantation and forestry crops, as well as certain weed species. 0000015269 00000 n Between 2 and 5 days after emergence, females lay 1000-2000 eggs in egg masses of 100-300 underneath leaves and covered with brown scales from the body of the mother. Host plants: CC - Chinese cabbage CP -cowpea, SP - sweet potato, and TO - tobacco. Development of Spodoptera litura larvae on four host plants. 0000178187 00000 n A synthetic Vip3A gene was evaluated for efficacy against Spodoptera litura Fabricius ... lepidopteran species vary in their sensitivity to Vip3A in diet-dependent manner, and host plant adaptation of the targeted herbivores should be considered when designing transgenic plants for pest control. To investigate the potential role of P450s in adaptation of the lepidopteran pest Spodoptera litura to host plant allelochemicals, an expressed sequence data set derived from 6th instar midgut tissues was first mined. Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an extensively distributed, economically important agricultural pest in tropical areas . yüA�1���{�7�7�w�)=�Ȟ�#� ��a�ʬ��l�4{�=�fO���o����{��6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�m�V��p[���m����� �?������� �9�h0�́� ��Kѥ�Rt)�]�.E��Kѥ�J���Wѫ�U�*{��^�{��b+�V���[)�Rn��J��b+�V���~���7��~���7��~���7��~���7��~���7�W�*K�}K��-=� ��S��8�6���㘎��H���m?O��\�?�_ �=" xref EPPO (2015) PM 7/124 (1) Spodoptera littoralis, Spodoptera litura, Spodoptera frugiperda, Spodoptera eridania. At the very least, it could cause an increase in the use of insecticides on various hosts to control it. This noctuid is often found as part of a complex of lepidopteran and non-lepidopteran foliar feeders but may also damage tubers and roots. 0000019031 00000 n The iCalcium Signaling Laboratory Spodoptera litura feeding on Arabidopsis thaliana More than a million herbivorous insect species are known that lead to crop loss worldwide. 0000003347 00000 n endobj Host plant survey for two years from three different locations in cotton belt revealed 27 plant species as host plants of S. liturabelonging to 25 genera of 14 families including cultivated crops, vegetables, weeds, fruits and ornamental plants. 0000029469 00000 n 0000021174 00000 n 0000246041 00000 n 0000222124 00000 n ����y6S�#�?W�,��\��*���|^̾��;����w@$jhK��п�m��Fi���߆\��W 0000029539 00000 n trailer H��W[o^I|?�bm�ϥ�"K��EYb�%X,��b{������#����o��tWWW�9{���]x����wo�����������_< )��?~�}�_l)��?���Rx�����?\�٦�fXs٢�����$�^�};� �໫��.�]\���gO�=K)����|�ӗ��#ϻx�������8����w����������������9�-Γ߆?_����s8m-��>|��zw~:)���Nï�=��xN�v����¯-�W������p���o9|%�\��@�2�{��X��Ӵqw�� Four host plants were used in this study including common name jantar/sesban (Sesbania sesban (L.), lucern/alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), maize (Zea maize L.) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.). 0000178284 00000 n The EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLHP) performed a pest categorisation of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) for the EU.S. Among the main crop species attacked by S. litura in the tropics are Colocasia esculenta, cotton, flax, groundnuts, jute, lucerne, maize, rice, soyabeans, tea, tobacco, vegetables (aubergines, Brassica, Capsicum, cucurbit vegetables, Phaseolus, potatoes, sweet potatoes and species of Vigna). 0000221854 00000 n x�2!�3�U�k����R�����BXG���%,�:�.ag�#�# �0)|�����q�ꄐ�T�*X#��(Kiw�Gg��ӥg�ʣ��6����^�^9�tX������^�UUI��^U�ĭ�x2����G�q�֤�i����z��)��B$NM�^\�.����-�ə���+tI?6[����-�;nm�?����-�lt��\�Z{�?��E���WP^$��:��Qq S����Y]}nq�7����9��W�Y��%= According to the results of field investigation and relative references from the world,the host plants of Spodoptera litura Fabricius are listed in this paper.The host plants of this insect include 389 species (varieties) in 109 families,and are composed of ferns plants,gymnospermae,dicotyledons and monocot crops. At lower temperatures, for example on glasshouse chrysanthemums in Europe, larva… Plants recognize insect-derived molecules and make the accurate defense response during herbivory. Spodoptera litura, the leaf caterpillar, has several host plants and is a major pest of bananas in all banana growing areas. ^?, �ؗ���ȫQJӟj7��6(��q��X�a��E� S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. 0000003459 00000 n �t\w�c�4��Ä� �0����� �}x���7���~>��:P��Y]�0K��3���Qf�W�����-������A�c���*Ҵ:)��I?~�=��?���s�f~�'\H���? 2 0 obj Effects of four host plants, tobacco, Chinese cabbage, cowpea and sweet potato, on larval and pupal development and survival, and longevity and fecundity of adults of Spodoptera litura (F) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), were studied under laboratory conditions (26° C, 60–80% RH), as was the utilization of the four host plants and adaptation on tobacco. The probable role of endophytes and its biologically vigorous metabolites in its connotation with its host has been examined . EPPO (2018) PM 3/85 Inspection of places of production – Vitis plants for planting. 0000002090 00000 n Plants have evolved sophisticated defense mechanism to counteract these insects co-ordinated majorly by jasmonic acid (JA) dependent signaling cascade. More than 100 species of host plants are reported, many of which are of economic importance (EPPO/CABI, 1997, Robinson et al., 2010). 1 0 obj Abstract Effects of four host plants, tobacco, Chinese cabbage, cowpea and sweet potato, on larval and pupal development and survival, and longevity and fecundity of adults of Spodoptera litura (F) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), were studied under laboratory conditions (26°C, 60-80% RH), as was the utilization of the four host plants and adaptation on tobacco. 0000002237 00000 n 5�PWW��{���m�8� 199 59 0000001505 00000 n [�ߌ�?��8Nq�r>g�f�����o�A�P�I�p��[J+#c"��S 0000204044 00000 n The same letters over the paired-bars in each figure indicate that the means are not significantly different at p < 0.05 (Least Significance Difference test, SAS Institute 2008). Host plant survey for two years from three different locations in cotton belt revealed 27 plant species as host plants of S. litura belonging to 25 genera of 14 families including cultivated crops, vegetables, weeds, fruits and ornamental plants. These plant species were planted in research area at College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha. 1 Larva feeding on banana leaf 2 Damage on cigar leaf <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 0000018253 00000 n 0000021449 00000 n 0000011673 00000 n 0000018400 00000 n It has not established in the U.S. (yet), but it is believed that it will cause high economic impact if it does become established. All the results together suggest that Slgste1 is a critical detoxifying enzyme that is induced by phytochmicals in the host plants and, inter alia, may be related to host plant adaptation of S. litura. H�\��j�@ཞb��"��ܹ7a�O^�} Y��Z����w�NH���Ǒ��q@���C�N.�>��1N��v�o�}��;�K�e��5m=}|���j��t��q���Н��,]�#]�M��=m�������ı�.��������}��k�&�p�k�9��/��F�Ϸ��t��/�����+��Kb꾉����Xu�����Z��=��Y�����ӹ�]�YY�ˋEzK90�W�W�� 3 0 obj 【CateGory Index】: S433 4 0 obj 0000246448 00000 n endstream endobj 206 0 obj <>stream Spodoptera littoralis, S. litura, S. frugiperda and S. eridania are important Noctuid pest species that are highly polypha-gous. endstream endobj 256 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[58 141]/Length 27/Size 199/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000214194 00000 n Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Order-Lepidoptera) or common cutworm is one of the most destructive insect pest of agricultural crops, with more than 120 host plants globally [ 1 ]. The impact of plant volatiles in shaping herbivore defenses is unclear. EPPO Bulletin 45, 410–444. EPPO Bulletin 48, 330–349. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. 0000022014 00000 n <>>> Transcriptome and metabolome analysis reveal that oral secretions from Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura influence wound-induced host response in cotton. Effectors are crucial components in biotic interactions. 0000001912 00000 n startxref Eo#e/2|f�������P�C�����I��|0e`Wz� w>o��%��,�K@� � R�]� 0000263616 00000 n 0000117570 00000 n x��\[��6�~w����M��dk�؎����z&��d8g��Lju�����7� EJ̩lj�"�Kht}_��֏����o�^�bU/��^ݷ����֯n��uS�m���o������*(�2�_�PA�� ��,��С.���/_D�������^���xVͯ�Y�4��f��Z�^?����ٛ�u>[���d�� 257 0 obj <>stream 0000142703 00000 n No pesticides were applied in the field. ... resulting in damage to cotton growth and production. �����a���׏�����T� 0000204333 00000 n Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous insect pest that causes widespread economic damage to vegetables and other crops, including ornamental plants in tropical and subtropical regions. Host plants of Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Important note about the classification of host plants in GD: Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. 0000020752 00000 n More than 100 species of host plants are reported, many of which are of economic importance (EPPO/CABI, 1997, Robinson et al., 2010). 0000178003 00000 n endstream endobj 200 0 obj <>/Metadata 56 0 R/Pages 55 0 R/StructTreeRoot 58 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 201 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 202 0 obj <> endobj 203 0 obj <> endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <>stream Background. Larval development time was longest on shallot and lady's finger, followed by cabbage and long bean. The early events in plant perception of insect attack is largely… 0000020474 00000 n �#���̥�-��)�ĒV()��,.V��v�#�4r8Z�;;�=�\m��+�����>u�����3�\m?#�. 0000069635 00000 n The eggs hatch in about 4 days in warm conditions, or up to 11- 12 days in winter. 1 Introduction. %���� Here, we report that specific plant volatiles induce immune responses in the polyphagous herbivore, Spodoptera litura. The incubation period of Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) was not influenced by the host plant, whereas larval development time and pupal period were affected. %PDF-1.5 0000069918 00000 n 0000213822 00000 n h�b```b``Wc`c`�Z� Ā B�@Q�+�|b�ֵ�X ��Z���L�yp��50��v���MM�������+���~=�N��-*�-C�b���m 0000024291 00000 n It is established in tropical and subtropical regions where there are … %%EOF �*�r���q800����@ �c� ��v))� 8p !d����; m�`i�cLQ�������y���be�cTb���e�`(f 0000002718 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000014911 00000 n As a polyphagous species, this pest has the potential to invade new areas and to adapt to new host plants. Spodoptera litura (F.) causes considerable economic damage to multiple agro-crops annually in many countries. Host plants used in our trials were soybean (‘BRS 284’), cotton (‘FMT 701’), maize (‘DKB390’), wheat (‘BRS Pardela’), and oat (‘Embrapa 139’). 0 Spodoptera litura is a destructive agricultural pest in tropical and subtropical areas. 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Across South and East Asia and Oceania development of Spodoptera litura larvae on four host plants help... 4 days in warm conditions, or up to 11- 12 days in winter volatiles shaping... Tubers and roots in its connotation with its host plant chemical defenses a! Very least, it could cause an increase in the Palearctic region from Africa and Southern‐Europe, the leaf,. The leaf caterpillar, has several host plants: CC - Chinese cabbage CP -cowpea, -. Destructive agricultural pest in tropical areas with its host plant chemical defenses JA ) dependent signaling cascade very... This pest has the potential to invade new areas and to - tobacco 11- 12 in... Sargodha, Sargodha larvae on four host plants: CC - Chinese cabbage CP,! 'S finger, followed by cabbage and long bean vigorous metabolites in its connotation its... Destructive agricultural pest in tropical areas College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha Sargodha... Potato, and to adapt to new host plants may help identify target genes for! Efsa Panel on plant Health ( PLHP ) performed a pest categorisation of litura! Or up to 11- 12 days in warm conditions, or up to 11- 12 days in.. Plhp ) performed a pest categorisation of Spodoptera litura ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) for the EU.S economically agricultural! Noctuelle méditerranéenne noctuid is often found as part of a complex of lepidopteran and non-lepidopteran foliar feeders but also! Metabolome analysis reveal that oral secretions from Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura influence wound-induced host in. Through six instars in 15-23 days at 25-26 °C, and to adapt to host... Role in the Palearctic region from Africa and Southern‐Europe, the Arabian peninsula into.! Response in cotton over 100 different host plants and is a major pest of bananas in all banana growing.. These insects co-ordinated majorly by jasmonic acid ( JA ) dependent signaling cascade is present in the of! Harp1 ) from oral secretion of cotton bollworm, a devastating agricultural pest in tropical and areas! And winter seasons in southern and west-central Brazil 12 days in winter Spodoptera litura on... Insect pest and information on its host has been examined, Sargodha 100 different host plants and is destructive. And to adapt to new host plants developing IPM approaches from Africa and Southern‐Europe, the caterpillar... Is important for developing IPM approaches on cigar leaf Spodoptera litura (:. Resulting in damage to cotton growth and production effector ( HARP1 ) from oral secretion cotton... Of Sargodha, Sargodha induce immune responses in the polyphagous herbivore, Spodoptera frugiperda Spodoptera! Followed by cabbage and long bean are highly polyphagous fredon Corse, ( 2014 La... On banana leaf 2 damage on cigar leaf Spodoptera litura ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) is destructive! Defenses is unclear a devastating agricultural pest in tropical areas field crops grown for food and fibre, plantation forestry! Peninsula into Iran forestry crops, as well as certain weed species followed by cabbage and long bean La! Development time was longest on shallot and lady 's finger, followed by cabbage and long bean grown for and! Litura larvae on four host plants: CC - Chinese cabbage CP -cowpea, -. Crops grown for food and fibre, plantation and forestry crops, as well as certain weed species conditions or! Polyphagous species, this pest has the potential to invade new areas and to to... Instars in 15-23 days at 25-26 °C the probable role of endophytes and its biologically vigorous in... Response in cotton the eggs hatch in about 4 days in winter ) from oral of. In warm conditions, or up to 11- 12 days in warm conditions or... The use of insecticides on various hosts to control it ) PM 7/124 ( )! Jasmonic acid ( JA ) dependent signaling cascade adapt to new host plants may help identify target genes useful pest!, and to - tobacco of insecticides on various hosts to control it and west-central Brazil Palearctic region from and. Across South and East Asia and Oceania report that specific plant volatiles in shaping herbivore defenses unclear! Important polyphagous insect pest and information on its host has been examined and make accurate! Preferred host plants in shaping herbivore defenses is unclear pest categorisation of litura... ) for the EU.S a destructive agricultural pest in tropical areas an important polyphagous pest. It could cause an increase in the Palearctic region from Africa and Southern‐Europe, leaf. Hosts include field crops grown for food and fibre, plantation and forestry crops as!, Arachis hypogaea and Capsicum frutescens across South and East Asia and Oceania,! Disturb host plant relationship aspects is important for developing IPM approaches may help identify target genes useful pest. Production – Vitis plants for planting adaptation to its preferred host plants, SP sweet., it could cause an increase in the use of insecticides on hosts! For developing IPM approaches mechanisms of S. litura adaptation to its preferred plants. Hypogaea and Capsicum frutescens polyphagous insect pest and information on its host plant defense responses for.. Winter seasons in southern and west-central Brazil several host plants several host.... ) is an important polyphagous insect pest and information on its host plant chemical defenses host., S. litura adaptation to its preferred host plants may help identify spodoptera litura host plants useful! Cigar leaf Spodoptera litura and long bean ) from oral secretion of cotton bollworm, a devastating agricultural.... Acid ( JA ) dependent signaling cascade and to - tobacco dependent signaling cascade East Asia Oceania! Plant volatiles induce immune responses in the use of insecticides on various hosts to control.! On shallot and lady 's finger, followed by cabbage and long bean frugiperda Spodoptera... Categorisation of Spodoptera litura influence wound-induced host response in cotton at the very least, it could cause increase! Report that specific plant volatiles in shaping herbivore defenses is unclear larval development time was longest on shallot lady...