Vicuñas are relatives of the llama, and are now believed to be the wild ancestor of domesticated alpacas, which are raised for their coats. La lana de vicuña es muy suave y muy cara. A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. However, annually, up to 22,500 kg of vicuña wool are exported as a result of illegal activities. Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011. Like the guanacos, they frequently lick calcareous stones and rocks, which are rich in salt, and also drink salt water. It is pronounced in English as MOWR-GahN †. Vicuña definition is - a long-necked mammal (Vicugna vicugna synonym Lama vicugna) of the Andes from Peru to Argentina that is related to but somewhat smaller than the guanaco, has a light brown woolly coat that is paler below, is considered to the be ancestor of the alpaca, and has been historically hunted for its wool and meat.  The US Fish and Wildlife Service has reclassified most populations as threatened, but still lists Ecuador's population as endangered.. The wool is popular due to its warmth, and is used for apparel such as socks, sweaters, accessories, shawls, coats, and suits, and home furnishings such as blankets and throws. Fun Facts about the name Vicuna. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Vicuna was not present. See 3 authoritative translations of Vicuña in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. Spirals. English Translation of “vicuña” | The official Collins Spanish-English Dictionary online. Currently, the community of Lucanas conducts a chaccu (herding, capturing, and shearing) on the reserve each year to harvest the wool, organized by the National Council for South American Camelids (CONACS). The closest word that I know is “pitchea” which is an anglisism of the English word “pitches”. At present, the Peruvian government has a labeling system that identifies all garments that have been created through a government-sanctioned chacu. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! The head is slightly shorter than the guanaco's and the ears are slightly longer. The animals were shorn and then released; this was only done once every four years. Rocca has his own suggestion for the first family's pet - not a dog but a vicuna, which is an obscure relative of the aplaca. During the time of the Incas, vicuña wool was gathered by means of communal efforts called chacu, in which multitudes of people herded hundreds of thousands of vicuña into previously laid funnel traps. Previously the vicuña was thought not to have been domesticated, and the llama and the alpaca were both regarded as descendants of the closely related guanaco. man, dog, house). Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. Easy to use and free online, YourDictionary provides handy printable study guides, checklists and worksheets for all your Spanish language needs. Their numbers grew to 125,000 in Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia. El ombligo del mundo (belly button of the world) ... Why is a Vicuña's wool so expensive and praised? Mating usually occurs in March–April, and after a gestation period of about 11 months, the female gives birth to a single fawn, which is nursed for about 10 months. Dictionary entry overview: What does vicuna mean? The fawn becomes independent at about 12 to 18 months old. Manco, the Peruvian Chief An Englishman's Adventures in the Country of the Incas. 2 : a military chaplain. What does Vicuña mean? See more. Alpacas are domesticated descendants of the wild vicuña. Here's what's included: SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Spanish test on peru Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. In these areas, only nutrient-poor, tough, bunch grasses and Festuca grow. The vicuña's thick but soft coat is a special adaptation which traps layers of warm air close to its body, so it can tolerate freezing temperatures. vicuna: a species of wild llama . But DNA research published in 2001 has shown the alpaca may well have vicuña parentage. Its properties come from the tiny scales on the hollow, air-filled fibres. Spanish learners can expand their vocabularies with audio pronunciations, sentence examples, verb conjugations, translations and definitions. ‘The theatre is a perfect symbol of Buenos Aires: flamboyant and decaying, a little melancholy, full of men in vicuña coats and society ladies in diamonds that might just, these days, be paste.’ ‘A custom-made vicuña wool Brioni jacket can cost up to $25,000.’ When knitted together, the product of the vicuña's wool is very soft and warm. English words for vacuna include vaccine, vaccination, vaccinate and cow pox. See 5 authoritative translations of Lana in English with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. It is pronounced as “pichea” (letter “t” is silent). At the time they were declared endangered in 1974, only about 6,000 animals were left. This sweater made from vicuña costs $3000! A vicuña sport coat from the Italian tailoring house Kiton costs at least US$21,000 in 2013. Consequently, the IUCN still supports active conservation programs to protect vicuñas, though they lowered their status to least concern. The length of head and body ranges from 1.45 to 1.60 m (about 5 ft); shoulder height is from 75 to 85 cm (around 3 ft); its weight is from 35 to 65 kg (under 150 lb). Vicugna vicugna ). A vicuña wool scarf costs around US$1,500. , As of June 2007, prices for vicuña fabrics can range from US$1,800 to US$3,000 per yard. What does tampoco mean in Spanish? “It depends what you mean by haute couture,” he says. The vicuña is covered with a remarkably long, fine, soft, and lustrous coat that varies in colour from light cinnamon to a pale white, with long white fleece hanging from the lower flanks and the base of the neck. Vicuñas are native to the central Andes in South America. pinche means a lot of things, from kitchen boy in Spain, to hairpin in the Caribbean, to lovers’ kisses in Chile. Vicuñas live at altitudes of 3,200 to 4,800 m (10,500–15,700 ft). While the population levels have recovered to a healthy level, poaching remains a constant threat, as do habitat loss and other threats. 32 terms. Vicuña definition: a tawny-coloured cud-chewing Andean artiodactyl mammal , Vicugna vicugna, similar to the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Vicuñas have some of the finest fibers in the world, at a diameter of 12 μm. ¡Este suéter hecho de vicuña cuesta $3000! The Spanish word 'tampoco' is an adverb here, its equivalent in … The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicugna (both ) is one of two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco. Translate Lana. “If you mean it as something that’s in the air without any real meaning to the world, then no.  Their diets consist mainly of low grasses which grow in clumps on the ground. Vicuñas produce small amounts of extremely fine wool, which is very expensive because the animal can only be shorn every three years and has to be caught from the wild. The sun's rays are able to penetrate the thin atmosphere, producing relatively warm temperatures during the day; however, the temperatures drop to freezing at night. But if you mean it as an expression of creativity and the highest level of quality, then you can compare it. Biologist Cristian Bonacic has expressed his concern about the possibility of habitat damage and the transmission of disease in the farms. The annual yield of fleece sheared from domesticated vicuñas shows a wide range of from 85 to 550 g (3 to 20 ounces) per animal. Vicuna definition, a wild South American ruminant, Vicugna vicugna, of the Andes, related to the guanaco but smaller, and yielding a soft, delicate wool: an endangered … Have you tried it yet? It causes them to interlock and trap insulating air. The vicuña is considered more delicate and gracile than the guanaco, and smaller. Information and translations of vicuna in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … • Viva Vicuña, documentary film about Vicuñas in the Andes. All Free. It is predominantly used in English and Welsh. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).  They feed in daytime on the grassy plains of the Andes Mountains, but spend the nights on the slopes. Because of this, it was against the law for anyone to kill a vicuña or wear its fleece, except for Inca royalty. Via in english is “By means Of”, so ” Via ” should be translated as “por”, “a traves de”, “por medio de”, etc. Chief predators include pumas and foxes. A key distinguishing element of morphology is the better-developed incisor roots for the guanaco. Each group has its own territory of about 18 km2, which can fluctuate depending on the availability of food. They are found in Peru, northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, and northern Chile. Comités del SEBC y sus presidentes Comité de Contabilidad y Renta Monetaria( AMICO) Ian Ingram Comité de Supervisión Bancaria( BSC) Edgar Meister Comité de Billetes( BANCO) Antti Heinonen Comité de Comunicación Externa( ECCO) Manfred J. Körber Comité de Tecnologia Informática( ITC) Jim Etherington Comité de Auditoria Interna( IAC) Michèle Caparello Comité de … To prevent poaching, a round-up is held every year, and all vicuñas with fur longer than 2.5 cm are shorn.  Since it is sensitive to chemical treatment, the wool is usually left in its natural color. • VICUNA (noun) The noun VICUNA has 3 senses:. The Inca valued vicuñas highly for their wool, and it was against the law for anyone but royalty to wear vicuña garments; today, the vicuña is the national animal of Peru and appears in the Peruvian coat of arms. A smaller, introduced population lives in central Ecuador.. Vicuñas live in family-based groups made up of a male, five to 15 females, and their young. Young males form bachelor groups and the young females search for a sorority to join. Cuzco. This guarantees that the animal was captured, shorn alive, returned to the wild, and cannot be shorn again for another two years. Information and translations of Vicuña in the most comprehensive … (f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish II- Peru. They are very shy animals, and are easily aroused by intruders, due, among other things, to their extraordinary hearing. Spanish is one of the most spoken languages in the world today. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 59 terms. What does Cuzco mean in the native language Quechua? Since this was a ready "cash crop" for community members, the countries relaxed regulations on vicuña wool in 1993, enabling its trade once again. They captured and sheared wild vicuñas in Jujuy. A small compact form, fast disappearing because of uncontrolled hunting. More Spanish Dictionaries: Diccionario Español (Spanish monolingual), Spanish Synonyms, Spanish-French, Spanish-Portuguese. The behavior of vicuñas is similar to that of the guanacos. 1. the wool of the vicuna 2. a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna 3. small wild cud-chewing Andean animal similar to the guanaco but smaller; valued for its fleecy undercoat Familiarity information: VICUNA used as a noun is uncommon.