Petals are bent backward, revealing dangling white stamens with long purple-brown anthers. A sticky substance coats the flowers, causing them to glisten. They are 2 inches across. Sow seeds in outdoor beds orflats and cover them lightly with the germination medium.They should germinate in three to six months.Cuttings: Take root cuttings in late winter just as new buds are sprouting. Flower color ranges from maroon to pale pink, violet-blue or flaming scarlet. Characteristics: Trifoliate-lobed leaves appear midway up the stem. Division: Divide plants in fall or spring. Comments: Flowers hold up well in cut flower arrangements. No pre-treatment of the seeds is required. This plant can be somewhat aggressive in the garden, so it may need to be planted in a confined space. New England), west to Wisconsin, south to Texas, Professor; Areas of Interest: Commercial landscape, Characteristics: Leaves are alternate and have toothed margins. Landscape Uses: Use Shoofly Wild Indigo in cottage gardens, wildflower meadows, butterfly gardens and perennial borders. Comments: Carolina Coralbead tends to be short-lived due to its shallow root system and lack of drought tolerance. This is an easy plant to grow in shaded woodland gardens. Flowers have red streaks near their bases. Comments: This is one of the showiest of all the goldenrods. Landscape Uses: Use Great Blue Lobelia in bog gardens, wet areas or hummingbird and butterfly gardens. Place them in a paper bag, then crush the bag with a rolling pin to release the seeds from the capsules. It also is deer tolerant. Landscape Uses: Use this plant around ponds, lakes, streams, wet meadows, roadside ditches, bogs or other wet sites. Deadheading will encourage repeat flowering. Propagation: Seed or cuttingsSeed: Collect seeds in fall. Separate the pulp from the seeds in spring and plant the seeds in outdoor flats. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA. Store seeds dry at 40°F, then plant them in December in outdoor beds or flats. In August, flat-top clusters of bright yellow flowerheads are borne at the tops of stems. Cultural Requirements: Plant Hairy Angelica in sunny or partially shaded moist rocky areas. It grows 4 feet tall and has dark purple flowers. Cultural Requirements: Partridge-berry prefers partial shade and humus-enriched acidic soil. Landscape Uses: This is a good plant for wildflower meadows, sunny perennial gardens, dry sites as well as butterfly and hummingbird gardens. The State Botanical Garden of Georgia offers an 80-hour certificate program on native plants that includes a series of courses through which one can earn a Certificate of Native Plants ( Comments: Woolly Sunbonnets is a cool-season plant and blooms from late winter to early spring. Landscape Uses: Use Smooth Phlox in perennial borders, cottage gardens, butterfly gardens, along pond edges or in wet meadows or bog gardens. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. Corms are available in the nursery trade. The plant also spreads by underground rhizomes and tends to form colonies. In August, pale-pink flowers, 1-inchacross with four petals, are borne in loosely arranged clusters at the tops of stems. Darkness enhances germination, so cover the seeding flat with newspaper, then check underneath once a week for germinated seedlings. Comments: Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers, and birds like to eat the seeds. Landscape Uses: Hairy Elephant’s-foot is a good groundcover for dry woodland slopes. Flowers appear from mid-summer to early fall on the upper stems. Check boxes for all that apply. Azure-blue Sage is a low-maintenance plant once it is established. Cuttings: Stem cuttings can be taken in June, and root cuttings can be taken in March or April. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Plant seeds when ripe in spring. It is atough plant suitable for dry, difficult sites, like roadsides and rights-of-ways. Single yellow flowers with five petals appear in early spring on a stalk arising from leaf axils on the upper portion of the stems. Two additional native species, Trailing Lespedeza, L. procumbans, and Creeping Lespedeza, L. repens, have pink blooms. O’Keeffe’s Jimson Weed/White Flower No. Cultural Requirements: Common Milkweed is easy to grow in full sun and well-drained soil that is slightly moist to dry. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seed capsules when they turn tan and begin to open at the tip (April to May). Mississippi Department of Marine Resources. A leafless flower stalk, 6 to 20 inches long, arises from the basal leaves in May or June and produces a terminal cluster of nodding flowers on arching pedicels (flower stems). Propagation: Seed: Harvest seeds from October to December when theseed pods turn black. Characteristics: Shiny, thick, heart-shaped evergreen leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, are borne at ground level. Hummingbirds visit its flowers. Midgley, Jan A. Leaflets are ovate, deeply cut and finely-toothed along their margins. Size: 6 inches to 1 foot tall and spreading 4+ feet. The reference list at the end of this publication cites both websites and books that provide excellent information for wildflower enthusiasts. It is an aggressive seeder and will spread if it is not managed. However, like the other milk-weeds, the sap may irritate the skin, so gloves are recommended when taking cuttings or handling the plant. Each flower is 3⁄4 to 11⁄4 inch in diameter. Characteristics: Stems up to 10 inches long bear alternate leaves approximately 4 inches long. They also provide food for birds and other wildlife. Summer flowers are followed by angular seed pods up to 5 inches long. Comments: All parts of the plant are poisonous when ingested. Smooth Coneflower, Echinacea laevigata, has drooping pale pink ray flowers and smooth foliage. Most trillium species are characterized by a set of three whorled horizontal leaves atthe top of stalks that are 8 to 12 inches long. They are borne in long, slender prickly pods. Cultural Requirements: Plant Bearded Beggarticks in full sun or partial shade and moist soil. They emit a licorice-like scent when crushed. Size: 2 to 4 feet tall, 1 foot wide and spreading, Habitat: Dry clearings, roadsides and woodland edges, Native To: All of North America except California and Florida. Chattahoochee Nature Center, Roswell, GA., Fine Gardening Magazine. Seeds are borne in cone-shaped capsules at the base of the flowers. From May to July, fragrant pink flowers are borne in ball-shaped heads at the leaf axils near the stem tips. Seeds are borne in capsules that make a rattling sound when shaken. Lime may be needed if the soil is too acidic. Characteristics: Stout, erect stems bear rough, hairy, sessile, lance-shaped leaves up to 5 inches long and 3⁄4 inch across. They consist of bothtubular and non-tubular ray flowers. They are 6 to 8 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide and pubescent underneath. They are large and sword-shaped (up to 3 feet long) with parallel veins and bristly edges. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seeds when flower heads are puffy. Landscape Uses: Use Blue-stemmed Goldenrod in native plant gardens, perennial borders, woodland gardens, meadows or wildlife habitats. Plant it where it gets filtered shade. It may take two years forthem to germinate, so patience is a virtue.Division: Divide the plants in late winter or early spring. Flowering occurs in late summer and lasts one to two months. Landscape Uses: Blue Mistflower is best used in areas where it can multiply freely. Habitat: Moist rocky forests, damp ditches and sand hills, Native To: Florida to Mississippi, north to Oklahoma and Michigan, east to Connecticut. Divide plants every two years to maintain their vigor. The flower heads resemble a cat’s paw, hence the common name. Characteristics: This is a clump-forming perennial with sprawling hairy stems that exude a sticky sap. Stems are hairy. Place them in a paper bag to dry and release their seeds. Lance-shaped. Seeds are borne in fleshy capsules. Habitat: Bottomlands, granite and limestone outcrops, ditches, wet woods and moist meadows, Native To: Southeast Virginia to Florida and Mississippi. Propagation: Seed or cuttingsSeed: Collect pods when they turn tan and begin to split. They also require warm temperatures (80°F+) to germinate.Cuttings: Take root cuttings in December.Division: Plants can be divided in the fall or spring. Landscape Uses: Use Fire Pink in rock gardens, wild-flower gardens, native plant gardens, cottage gardens or woodland gardens. The seeds should germinate the following spring and bloom the second year.Division: Rhizomes can be divided in fall or spring. Place them in hot water and let them soak overnight before planting. Asters have composite flower heads consisting of many small flowers in a central disk surrounded by an outer ring of petal-like ray flowers. It is primarily a plant of the Coastal Plain. Characteristics: Slender stems bear pinnately compound leaflets with three-lobed terminal leaflets (see Figure 2). It also is a good plant for perennial borders and cottage gardens. Place them in a plastic bag containing moist sphagnum peatmoss, then provide them three months of warm stratification (70°F) followed by three months of cold stratification (40°F), followed by another three months of warm stratification (70°F) before planting.Division: The easiest propagation technique is to dig the bulbs when they go dormant, then remove and plant the bulb scales to obtain new plantlets. The leaves are approximately 2 inches wide and 4 to 6 inches long. They are borne in terminal racemes in August and September. Store them dry at 40°F for one to three months before sowing them outside in flats or beds in December or January.Cuttings: Cuttings can be taken in the spring after new growth hardens.Division: Plants can be divided in early spring as new growth emerges. Basal leaves are oval in shape with long petioles, while stem leaves are lance-shaped and sessile (attached directly to the stem). Comments: An annual form of this plant, called Hot Pink, is available in the nursery trade. It has a basal rosette of purplish-green leaves, 4 to 8 inches long. 2008. Place them in a paper bag to dry and release their seeds, then sow the seeds in outdoor beds or flats. They persist about a month. The paired leaves are spaced every 4 inches along the stem. Pocosin: A depression in open areas of pine savannahs and seepage slopes near streams. Cultural Requirements: Indian-pink prefers partial shade and moist, well-drained acidic soils. Moina Michael, a Walton County resident and long-time University of Georgia (UGA) faculty member, suggested planting red poppies in remembrance of the servicemen who died during World War I. Ms. Michael took a leave of absence from UGA, when the United States entered the war in 1917, to volunteer to help train overseas YWCA workers. Comments: There are several cultivars available in the nursery trade, with flower colors ranging from purple to blue or white, and plant heights ranging from 6 to 22 inches. It does not like to be over-watered. Each stalk bears one to three flowers. Comments: The prickly seeds, known as beggarticks, cling to clothing on autumn walks through the woods. Landscape Uses: This is a nice plant for use on banks and slopes along shaded woodland streams. Cultural Requirements: This plant thrives in either moist or dry soil and needs at least a half-day of full sun. The flowers have greenish throats. Light is required for germination, so cover the seeds lightly with the germination medium. ‎This App, which operates without an internet connection, helps find and identify plants. Comments: Dried foliage and seed pods are attractive in floral arrangements. They require no pre-treatment; however, it takes three to four years to produce a flowering plant from seed.Division: Divide rhizomes in fall or winter. They look as though the stem has pierced through them. Cultural Requirements: Hepatica prefers moist, organic soils and partial shade. Landscape Uses: Use Scarlet Sage in annual beds, borders, cottage gardens or hummingbird and butterfly gardens. Size: 1 to 2 feet tall and spreading several feet, Habitat: Meadows, woodland edges and disturbed sites, Native To: Eastern North America, from Minnesota to Maine, south to Florida, west to Texas. Dip the cut end in a rooting hormone.Division: Divide plants in early spring. Store them dry at 40°F for planting the following March. Seed pods follow flowers and turn black when mature. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seed capsules when they turn tan and begin to open at the tip. Cultural Requirements: Dwarf Cinquefoil prefers sunny locations and well-drained soil. Stratify them at 40°F for two months before planting. Upon her arrival back in Georgia after the war, she returned to UGA to teach a class of disabled servicemen. Store them dry at 40°F until the next February, then plant them in outdoor beds or flats.Division: Plants can be divided in early spring. It prefers full sun or partial shade. It goes dormant in summer. Set Ascending Direction. Comments: Native American Indians used the juice from the root of Bloodroot as a fabric dye. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seeds in the fall when flower heads dry and become fluffy. It does not do well in full shade. Below the flowers are distinctive bracts that are covered with silvery-white curly hairs. Cut back plants in mid-summer if they begin to flop over. Fragrant blue flowers, 1⁄2 to 3⁄4 inch long, appear in August or September. Comments: Like other milkweeds, the milky sap of White Milkweed may irritate the skin. Ants are attracted to a tiny fleshy appendage on the seed that is high in fat. Leaf venation is silver or rose-purple. This is an easy plant to grow, and the attractive foliage is worth the effort. Plant them directly in flats, covering them lightly with the germination medium. When digging or working with the seeds, wear gloves to avoid skin irritation. It is tolerant of a wide range of soil moisture levels, from dry to wet. None. It adapts to dry, rocky areas and barren soils. Life Cycle: This section explains whether the plant is an annual, biennial or perennial. The plant spreads by rhizomes to colonize an area, but it is not aggressive. Cultural Requirements: Plantain Pussytoes requires dry to slightly moist soil and good drainage as well as full sun or partial shade. Characteristics: Canadian Wild Ginger has two heart-shaped, hairy basal leaves up to 6 inches wide. Rosy-pink tubular two-lipped flowers are borne in panicles at the top of the stems from May to June. Cherokee Indians used the plant medicinally as a diuretic. Flower heads consist of seven to 12 ray flowers and small yellow to red disk flowers. Sow the seeds directly in flats heldat 70°F. Leaves are about 3 inches long and 3 inches wide, palmate with narrow lobes. Comments: Birds and small mammals like the fruit, and deer like the foliage. Landscape Uses: This is a good plant for wildflower meadows and background plantings in herb gardens or butterfly gardens. The plant has a strong taproot. color and texture of these bracts are useful in distinguishing species. Transplanting wildflowers from their native habitats to cultivated landscapes is discouraged. |, An Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action, Veteran, Disability Institution, County and Club Meetings, Environmental Education, Livestock Programs, Project Achievement, Summer Camp, Aquaculture, Beef, Bees, Dairy, Equine, Small Ruminants, Poultry & Eggs, Swine, Invasive Species, Pollution Prevention, Forestry, Water & Drought, Weather & Climate, Wildlife, Adult & Family Development, Infant, Child and Teen Development, Money, Housing & Home Environment, Corn, Cotton, Forages, Hemp, Peanuts, Small Grains, Soybeans, Tobacco, Turfgrass, Food Preservation, Commercial & Home Food Safety, Food Science & Manufacturing, Nutrition and Health, Blueberries, Grapes, Ornamental Horticulture, Onions, Peaches, Pecans, Small Fruits, Vegetables, Home Gardens, Lawn Care, Ornamentals, Landscaping, Animal Diseases and Parasites, Ants, Termites, Lice, and Other Pests, Nuisance Animals, Plant Pest and Disease Management, Weeds. Cultural Requirements: Lobed Coreopsis prefers full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil. Cut plants back to ground level after flowering if self-seeding is not desired. and prosperous Georgia. The plant spreads by rhizomes. Leaves are alternate with three to five pointed lobes and serrated edges. 1111 Dawson Road, Chapel Hill, NC. Landscape Uses: Use Carolina Larkspur in perennial borders or wildflower meadows. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds in May or June and store them dry at 40°F for planting in outdoor beds or flats in October. Propagation: SeedSeed: This plant tends to self-seed readily. Stamen: The male reproductive part of a flower, usually consisting of a slender threadlike filament and the pollen-bearing anther. Although native grasses and sedges are included in this definition, they are described separately in Part IV of this native plant publication series. It is also found in Nebraska and Minnesota. It takes three to four years for seedlings to flower. Germination should occur the following spring.Cuttings: Stem cuttings from new growth that has hardened can be taken in the spring.Division: Plants can be divided in the fall. Germination should occur in two to four weeks.Division: Divide plants from late winter to early spring. Georgia O’Keeffe is best known for her paintings of magnified flowers, animal skulls and New Mexico desert landscapes. Duncan, Wilbur H. and Leonard E. Foote. Cultural Requirements: Black-eyed Susan prefers fullsun and moderate moisture. Flowers are white, 1 to 11⁄2 inches wide and comprised of five to 10 petal-like sepals surrounding greenish-yellow stamens. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Seeds may be planted as soon as they are mature. Cultural Requirements: Carolina Lily likes fertile, moist, well-drained soil amended with liberal amounts of humus. Beware of “Meadows in a Can” or other wildflower seed mixes that are formulated for other regions of the country, such as the Pacific Northwest or the Northeast. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seeds when flower heads begin to crumble in September and October. Cultural Requirements: Great Blue Lobelia is easy to grow in moist, acidic, humus-enriched soils on sites having morning sun and afternoon shade. It also needs abundant moisture and sunlight. The buying public generally became more interested in the dazzling qualities of new plants than in whether plants were native or imported from another country. Cultural Requirements: The farther south this plant is grown, the more moisture it requires. Landscape Uses: Use Lobed Coreopsis in sunny borders, containers or rock gardens. The plant colonizes by spreading rhizomes. In the fall, the leaves turn shades of red and persist throughout thewinter. Male flower spikes are about 5 inches long and curve at the tip, while female flower spikes are 2 inches long and have a blunt, upright tip. Remove pulp and sow outdoors in flats or ground beds. The upper surfaces of the leaves arerough, while the lower surfaces are hairy. Propagation: Seed or cuttingsSeed: Collect seeds when the capsules turn tan and the seeds turn brown. Flowers are followed by dark blue to black berries, approximately 1⁄2 inch across. From September to October, tubular blue flowers, 11⁄2 inches long, arise from the upper leaf axils. Then store them at 40oF for another three months, followed by three more months of warm storage (70°F) before planting.Division: The easiest propagation technique is to dig the bulbs when they go dormant, then remove and plant the bulb scales to obtain new plantlets. Once established, it is drought tolerant. *=Multiple images on detail page: Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Place seeds in a coffee filter inside a sieve under dripping water for 24 hours to remove a germination inhibitor, then plant. Leaves along the stem are smaller than the basal leaves and oval in shape. Self-seeding occurs readily in the fall if plants are left unpruned. Size: 2 to 3 feet tall and 11⁄2 to 2 feet wide, Habitat: Fertile, moist, humus-enriched soil near creeks, streams or ponds, Native To: The Southern Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. Leaf margins are coarsely toothed. Ray flowers are bright golden yellow and disk flowers are reddish brown to purple. It requires moisture during periods of limited rainfall. Habitat: Roadsides, meadows, forests and open woodlands. Sow them directly in flats maintained at 70°F or higher. It needs good drainage and tolerates some shade; however, itblooms best in full sun. Sow the seeds directly in flats heldat 70°F. 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