Khazan received his early education from Dudley High School, where his father taught. Choose from 29 different sets of greensboro sit in flashcards on Quizlet. in 1965. Ezell Blair Jr. - Ezell was born in Greensboro and chose to study locally at N.C. A&T. [5] His 1964 interview describes the Greensboro sit-ins in Chapter 5 of Who Speaks for the Negro? The men, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil, who would become known as the A&T Four or the Greensboro Four, had purchased toothpaste and other products from a desegregated counter at the store with no problems, but were then refused service at the store's lunch counter when they each asked for a cup of coffee. Why were they sitting in? Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond walked into downtown Greensboro around 4:30 p.m. and “sat-in” at the “whites only” lunch counter at F.W. As he had been labeled a "troublemaker" for his role in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan. Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair, Jr.) was born in Greensboro, North Carolina on October 18, 1941. After his move, Ezell went on to study law at the … What was the name of one of the 4 men? At that speech, King called for an escalation of nonviolent protests to end segregated accommodation. was inaugurated. He also changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. [1][2], Khazan was born Ezell Alexander Blair Jr. on October 18, 1941 in Greensboro, North Carolina. Dr. Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair Jr.) is one of the original four who took part in the Woolworth sit-ins and a Greensboro native. [7] In 2002, North Carolina A&T commissioned a statue to be sculpted honoring Khazan, along with the three other members of the A&T four: Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond. So that’s what we have to do too. Today Khazan is an oral historian, oracle, Mass-Star Story teller and lecturer. My full name is Ezell A. Blair Jr. My fathers name is Ezell Blair Sr, my mothers name is Corene, and my sisters name is Gloria. mARtiN lUthER KiNg JR. t hE gREENsBoRo FoUR, 17-year-old college freshmen *EzEll BlAiR JR. *JoE mcNEil *DAviD RichmoND *FRANKliN mccAiN cAshiER WAitREss m R . Lieutenant Robert L. Campbell was presented a Distinguished Service Cross on the campus of A&T for his service in France. Greensboro Sit-ins 1960. Carmichael died in Guinea in 1998 of prostate cancer. Khazan was born Ezell A. Blair Jr. on October 18, 1941 in Greensboro, North Carolina. Activists' plan. "[5] Khazan also recalls an American Civics teacher, Mrs. McCullough, who told her class “We’re preparing you for the day when you will have equal rights.”[1], He was also influenced by Martin Luther King Jr. Jibreel works with developmentally disabled people for the CETA program in New Bedford. To feel weary. Woolworth's. A mob. N1: The next day, the boys stand outside Woolworth’s in their best clothes.. Joe: My heart is pounding.. David: Remember that whatever happens, we don’t fight back.We don’t talk back. Image: Original caption: 2/1/1960 - Greensboro, NC: The participants in the first lunch counter sit-in are shown on the street after leaving the Greensboro, North Carolina … (No photographers were allowed into Woolworth's during this first protest; this is the only photo of all four original protesters together.). It was said that when he experienced unjust treatment based on color, he "stood up." After the war, his father returned home a changed man. Jibreel and his … There, he and three fellow students -- Ezell Blair Jr., Franklin McCain and David Richmond -- became inspired with the non-violent teachings that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was spreading. In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. The four North Carolina A & T students are (L-R): David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and Joseph McNeil. But every day they returned to the counter, and day-by-day the numbers of friends and … Monday marks 61 years since Jibreel Khazan (formerly known as Ezell Blair Jr.), Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond, known as the A&T Four, staged a sit-in at the segregated Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro. Kathryn_Laser TEACHER. N1: In the South in the 1950s, Jim Crow laws kept black Americans from having the same rights as other people. To be deeply. 22 terms. McNeil remembered, “We would get together and discuss current events, political events, things that affected us–pretty much as college kids do today… The question became, ‘What do we do and … Ezell will stand up for what he believes in, but only when he's told to. In today’s times, despite threats of gentrification I see greater opportunity in unification. The Greensboro … Read MoreGreensboro Sit-Ins (1960) By the spring of 1960 the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in nine states in the South. Woolworth's. In one remarkable day, four college freshmen changed the course of American history. He later moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. Change Segregation Policies. A group of four North Carolina A&T freshmen took a stand against racism and forever changed history. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond leave the Woolworth store after the first sit-in on February 1, 1960. The Greensboro Four (as they would soon be known) were Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond, all young black students at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in their freshman year who often met in their dorm rooms to discuss what they could do to stand against segregation. The four protesters were North Carolina A&T College students David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, and Ezell Blair, Jr. Two years earlier Blair had attended a King speech at Bennett College in Greensboro (Jibreel Khazan [Ezell Blair, Jr.], Interview by William H. Chafe, 27 November 1974; see also Introduction in Papers 4:38). As he had been labeled a "troublemaker" for his role in the Greensboro Sit-Ins, life in Greensboro became difficult for Khazan. (Courtesy of Greensboro News and Record) Of course, they were refused service. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document To embed this object, paste this HTML in website Martin Luther King Jr.’s inspirational appeal for peaceful change in the city of Greensboro in 1958, however, planted the seed for a more assertive civil rights movement. Starting in the fall of 1959, the young men held a meeting in their dorm rooms every evening concerning ways of challenging segregation. Why were they sitting in? Sum's approach was different; he worked to perfect the look and feel of his Scranton store. Franklin McCain (left) and Jibreel Khazan (formerly Ezell Blair Jr.) (right) talk before the start of a ceremony honoring the Greensboro Four in front of the February One monument on the N.C. Original materials provided by the University of Kentucky and Yale University libraries and digitized with the permission of the Warren estate. It had mahogany counters with glass dividers and glass-fronted showcases. Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond walked into downtown Greensboro around 4:30 p.m. and "sat-in" at the "whites only" lunch counter at F.W. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (1941-  ), referred to as Izell Blair in Who Speaks for the Negro?, is an American civil rights activist. It was during his freshman year that Khazan and his roommate, Joseph McNeil; along with two other associates, Franklin McCain and David Richmond, devised a plan to protest against the policies of the segregated lunch counter at the downtown Greensboro F. W. Woolworth’s store. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. GREENSBORO, N.C. — North Carolina A&T State University honored four students Monday who took a seat to stand up against racism. In 1958, Khazan heard King speak at the local Bennett College. The name of the College was changed to "Negro Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina" by an Act of the General Assembly. Blair was … Name of restaurant. In one remarkable day, four college freshmen changed the course of American history. Ezell Blair's Childhood (02:45) Ezell Blair Jr. was born on the eve of WWII. In 1960, four African American college students – Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil – were attending the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities ©2021 |. must resemble looks to the real Ezell Blair, JR. (see attatched picture). [6], The sit-in demonstrations were just the beginning of Khazan's community involvement. Wally McNamee/Corbis via Getty Images. GREENSBORO, N.C. — On February 1, 1960, four Black North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University students took a bold and non-violent step against segregation. In the 1950s, Jim Crow laws were used to treat black people unfairly across America’s South. Change Segregation Policies. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond leave the Woolworth store after the first sit-in on February 1, 1960. The Junior Unit of Army R.O.T.C. Ezell Blair By: Raechel Thomson 1) Tell me about yourself. Voc sit ins. The “Greensboro Four,” as they came to be known, acted to challenge the lunch counter’s refusal to serve African Americans. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. In the fall of 1959 four young men met on the campus of North Carolina A&T. Martin Luther King Jr. … In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. clemm1278. The world remembers the Greensboro Four by name; McNeil; McCain; Ezell Blair, Jr.; and David Richmond, because they … Change Segregation Policies. 2. He graduated from James B. Dudley High School in 1959 and began his freshman year at A&T College having received an A&T College Alumni Association Scholarship. Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair Jr.), Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil and David Richmond, better known collectively as the A&T Four, staged a sit-in at a whites-only Woolworth’s lunch Counter in downtown … Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and David Richmond enrolled as freshmen at North Carolina A&T University, and they soon became best friends. After graduating he moved to Massachusetts. Joe and his roommate, Ezell Blair, Jr., one of the A&T Four, lived in Scott Hall their freshman year. In 1968, he joined the Islamic Center of New England and changed his name to Jibreel Khazan. He left because he found it hard to get work because of his sit-in role. The courage that Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond and Franklin McClain displayed 60 years ago is why Feb.1 is celebrated year after year. In 1965, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he worked as a teacher and counselor for the developmentally challenged. 1919. Woolworth’s store. Probably more humorous one of the group. February 1, 1960; included Franklin McCain, David Richmond, Joseph McNeil and Ezell Blair Jr. Greensboro Four Franklin McCain, David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair Jr. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. Woolworth's. Copyright: Jack Moebes/Corbis. Ezell Blair Jr. was the son of a teacher who received his B.S. After long discussions in their dormitory, the four decided to protest at the F.W. King's words had made a huge impact with Khazan, so much so that he later remarked that "he could feel his heart palpitating" and that the words of King "brought tears to his eyes. Each of the participants in the sit-in had different catalysts, but it is clear that the four men had a close friendship that mutually reinforced their desire to act. [3] His father was a member of the NAACP and very vocal on the subject of racial injustices and "things naturally rubbed off on me", described Khazan in a 1974 interview. Ezell Blair Jr. said he remembers the night before the protest and telling his mother about their idea to sit-in at the Woolworth lunch counter in downtown Greensboro. By the spring of 1960 the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in nine states in the South. A group of four North Carolina A&T freshmen took a stand against racism and forever changed history. Woolworth’s store. [3][8] Today Khazan is an oral historian, oracle, Mass-Star Story teller and lecturer. In 1968, he became a member of the New England Islamic Center and took on his present name. Notes about review of interview transcripts with Carmichael, Ezell Blair, Lucy Thornton, and Jean Wheeler. Ezell Blair Jr. was the son of a teacher who received his B.S. [3] In 1963, Khazan graduated from A&T College with a Bachelor's degree in sociology and Social Studies. The four men were all connected with one common goal: to change the discriminatory and racist attitudes at the local diner, Woolworth. Ezell Blair, Jr. Ezell was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, and was working toward a degree in sociology from North Carolina A&T State University. Angry at their parents and elders for what they saw as going along with it. In February 1960, while an 18 year-old freshman at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College (A&T), Blair and three other students began a sit-in protest at the lunch counter of a Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina. On February 1, 1960, Blair, along with McNeil, Franklin and Richmond, took the bold step of violating the Greensboro Woolworth's segregation policy. After graduating from A&T in 1963, Blair encountered difficulties finding a job in his native Greensboro. [9] In 2010, Khazan was the recipient of the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal from the Smithsonian Institution. He was a student government leader. The photograph above is a portrait of Joseph McNeil and Franklin McCain, two of the four college freshmen whose sit-in fifty years ago at a … On February 1, 1960, 18-year-olds Ezell Blair Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin McCain, David Richmond, and Joseph McNeil put their dorm room “bull sessions” into action. He was a student government leader. On February 1, 1960, four sophomores at the North Carolina Agricultural & Technical College in Greensboro—Ezell Blair, Jr., Joseph McNeil, David Richmond, and Franklin McCain—entered the local Woolworth’s and sat … After graduating from A&T in 1963, Blair encountered difficulties finding a job in his native Greensboro. He graduated from Dudley High School in 1959 and received a B.S. in sociology from North Carolina A&T State University in 1963. What was the name of one of the 4 men? A group of four North Carolina A&T … hARRis: manager of woolworth’s coUNtER mAiD cUstomER policE oFFicER Jo spivEY : a female news reporter BEttYE: a black college student *Starred characters are major roles. [11], North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, "Civil Rights Greensboro: Jibreel Khazan", University of North Carolina at Greensboro, "Jibreel Khazan (Formerly Ezell Blair Jr.)", "Oral History Interview with Jibreel Khazan by William Chafe :: Civil Rights Greensboro", "Ezell Blair, Stokely Carmichael, Lucy Thornton and Jean Wheeler | Who Speaks for the Negro? David Richmond (from left), Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and Joseph McNeil leave the Woolworth in Greensboro, N.C., where they initiated a lunch-counter sit … Ezell Sr. became one of the early members of the NAACP in Greensboro. N2: … None of the young men said anything or did anything in response to the reaction. The Greensboro Sit-Ins were non-violent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina, which lasted from February 1, 1960 to July 25, 1960. Khazan works with developmentally disabled people for the CETA program in New Bedford, Mass. Jibreel Khazan. Change Segregation Policies. 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